Ephesians 4:18



Parallel Verses

New American Standard Bible

being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

King James Version

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

International Standard Version

They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of their ignorance and hardness of heart.

A Conservative Version

darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the callousness of their heart.

American Standard Version

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their heart;

Amplified

Their moral understanding is darkened and their reasoning is beclouded. [They are] alienated (estranged, self-banished) from the life of God [with no share in it; this is] because of the ignorance (the want of knowledge and perception, the willful blindness) that is deep-seated in them, due to their hardness of heart [to the insensitiveness of their moral nature].

An Understandable Version

Their understanding [of spiritual things] is darkened and excluded from the [spiritual] life that God gives, because of the ignorance in their minds and the stubbornness in their hearts.

Anderson New Testament

darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

Bible in Basic English

Whose thoughts are dark, to whom the life of God is strange because they are without knowledge, and their hearts have been made hard;

Common New Testament

they are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to the hardness of their heart;

Daniel Mace New Testament

which are overspread with darkness, and averse to a religious life, thro' their innate ignorance and obduracy:

Darby Translation

being darkened in understanding, estranged from the life of God by reason of the ignorance which is in them, by reason of the hardness of their hearts,

Godbey New Testament

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance being in themselves, on account of the blindness of their heart;

Goodspeed New Testament

They are estranged from the life of God because of the ignorance that exists among them and their obstinacy of heart,

Holman Bible

They are darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them and because of the hardness of their hearts.

John Wesley New Testament

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, by the ignorance that is in them, through the hardness of their hearts:

Jubilee 2000 Bible

having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them because of the blindness of their heart,

Julia Smith Translation

Being darkened in understanding, alienated from the life of God by ignorance being in them, by the hardness of their heart;

King James 2000

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Lexham Expanded Bible

being darkened in understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance [that] is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,

Modern King James verseion

having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

blinded in their understanding, being strangers from the life which is in God, through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their hearts.

Moffatt New Testament

their intelligence is darkened, they are estranged from the life of God by the ignorance which their dulness of heart has produced in them ??19 men who have recklessly abandoned themselves to sensuality, with a lust for the business of impurity in every shape and form.

Montgomery New Testament

having their understanding darkened, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts.

NET Bible

They are darkened in their understanding, being alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts.

New Heart English Bible

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;

New simplified Bible

They are darkened (blinded) (obscured) in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their heart.

Noyes New Testament

having their understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God on account of the ignorance that is in them, on account of the hardness of their hearts;

Sawyer New Testament

with their understandings darkened, alienated from the life of God on account of the ignorance which is in them, on account of the hardness of their hearts,

The Emphasized Bible

Being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God - by reason of the ignorance that existeth within them, by reason of their hearts being turned into stone,

Thomas Haweis New Testament

darkened in understanding; alienated from the life of God through the ignorance which is in them; through the blindness of their hearts:

Twentieth Century New Testament

With their powers of discernment darkened, cut off from the Life of God, owing to the ignorance that prevails among them and to the hardness of their hearts.

Webster

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Weymouth New Testament

with darkened understandings, having by reason of the ignorance which is deep-seated in them and the insensibility of their moral nature, no share in the Life which God gives.

Williams New Testament

with darkened understanding, estranged from the life of God because of the ignorance that exists among them and because of the stubbornness of their hearts;

World English Bible

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;

Worrell New Testament

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their hearts;

Worsley New Testament

in the vanity of their mind, darkened in their understanding, and alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them, by reason of the hardness of their heart:

Youngs Literal Translation

being darkened in the understanding, being alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
σκοτίζω 
Skotizo 
Usage: 6

διάνοια 
Dianoia 
Usage: 11

σκοτίζω 
Skotizo 
Usage: 6

ὤν οὖσα ὄν 
On 
being , when ... was , which is , that is , not tr ,
Usage: 128

ἀπαλλοτριόω 
Apallotrioo 
be alienated with , be alien
Usage: 3

the life
ζωή 
Zoe 
Usage: 88

of God
θεός 
theos 
Usage: 1151

διά 
Dia 
by , through , with , for , for ... sake , therefore , for this cause , because ,
Usage: 527

ἄγνοια 
Agnoia 
Usage: 4

that is
ὤν οὖσα ὄν 
On 
being , when ... was , which is , that is , not tr ,
Usage: 128

in
ἐν 
En 
in , by , with , among , at , on , through ,
Usage: 2128


him , his , their , he , her , they , same , himself ,
Usage: 0

διά 
Dia 
by , through , with , for , for ... sake , therefore , for this cause , because ,
Usage: 527

of the blindness
πώρωσις 
Porosis 
Usage: 3

of their

him , his , their , he , her , they , same , himself ,
Usage: 0

Context Readings

Appeal For New Behavior

17 So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, 18 being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart; 19 and they, having become callous, have given themselves over to sensuality for the practice of every kind of impurity with greediness.


Cross References

Ephesians 2:12

remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, excluded from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

Galatians 4:8

However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are no gods.

1 Thessalonians 4:5

not in lustful passion, like the Gentiles who do not know God;

Acts 17:30

"Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now declaring to men that all people everywhere should repent,

Romans 1:21-23

For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

Romans 11:25

For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery--so that you will not be wise in your own estimation--that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in;

Psalm 74:20

Consider the covenant; For the dark places of the land are full of the habitations of violence.

Psalm 115:4-8

Their idols are silver and gold, The work of man's hands.

Isaiah 44:18-20

They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend.

Isaiah 46:5-8

"To whom would you liken Me And make Me equal and compare Me, That we would be alike?

Daniel 5:20

"But when his heart was lifted up and his spirit became so proud that he behaved arrogantly, he was deposed from his royal throne and his glory was taken away from him.

Matthew 13:15

FOR THE HEART OF THIS PEOPLE HAS BECOME DULL, WITH THEIR EARS THEY SCARCELY HEAR, AND THEY HAVE CLOSED THEIR EYES, OTHERWISE THEY WOULD SEE WITH THEIR EYES, HEAR WITH THEIR EARS, AND UNDERSTAND WITH THEIR HEART AND RETURN, AND I WOULD HEAL THEM.'

Mark 3:5

After looking around at them with anger, grieved at their hardness of heart, He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored.

John 12:40

"HE HAS BLINDED THEIR EYES AND HE HARDENED THEIR HEART, SO THAT THEY WOULD NOT SEE WITH THEIR EYES AND PERCEIVE WITH THEIR HEART, AND BE CONVERTED AND I HEAL THEM."

Acts 26:17-18

rescuing you from the Jewish people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you,

Romans 1:28

And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper,

Romans 2:19

and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,

Romans 8:7-8

because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so,

1 Corinthians 1:21

For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not come to know God, God was well-pleased through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe.

2 Corinthians 3:14

But their minds were hardened; for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant the same veil remains unlifted, because it is removed in Christ.

2 Corinthians 4:4

in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

Colossians 1:21

And although you were formerly alienated and hostile in mind, engaged in evil deeds,

James 4:4

You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.

1 John 2:11

But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes.



Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain

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