1 Ephraim feeds on wind, And pursues the east wind continually; He multiplies lies and violence. Moreover, he makes a covenant with Assyria, And oil is carried to Egypt.
1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.
1 "Ephraim feeds on the wind, chasing after the eastern winds, storing up lies and desolation day after day. They are making a contract with the Assyrians, and sending oil to Egypt.
1 Ephraim herds and feeds on the wind and pursues the [parching] east wind; every day he increases lies and violence, and a covenant is made with Assyria and oil is carried to Egypt.
2 The LORD also has a dispute with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him according to his deeds.
2 The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
2 The LORD accuses Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; he will repay him for what he does.
2 The Lord has also a controversy (a pleading contention) with Judah, and will punish Jacob by visiting upon him according to his ways; according to his doings will He recompense him.
3 In the womb he took his brother by the heel, And in his maturity he contended with God.
3 He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God:
3 He circumvented his brother in the womb, and as an adult he fought with God.
3 He took his brother by the heel in [their mother's] womb, and in the strength [of his manhood] he contended and had power with God.
4 Yes, he wrestled with the angel and prevailed; He wept and sought His favor He found Him at Bethel And there He spoke with us,
4 Yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spake with us;
4 He even fought the angel and won; he cried and prayed to him. Then at Bethel he found him, and there he spoke with us
4 Yes, he had power over the Angel [of the Lord] and prevailed; he wept and sought His favor. He met Him in Bethel, and there [God] spoke with [him and through him with] us -- "
5 Even the LORD, the God of hosts, The LORD is His name.
5 Even the LORD God of hosts; the LORD is his memorial.
5 the LORD God of the Heavenly Armies the LORD is his name.
5 Even the Lord the God of hosts, the name of Him [Who spoke with Jacob] is the Lord.
6 Therefore, return to your God, Observe kindness and justice, And wait for your God continually.
6 Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment, and wait on thy God continually.
6 So you, return to your God; guard grace and justice, and look to your God always.
6 Therefore return to your God! Hold fast to love and mercy, to righteousness and justice, and wait [expectantly] for your God continually!
7 A merchant, in whose hands are false balances, He loves to oppress.
7 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.
7 "Now as for the merchant, deceitful balances remain in his hand, and he loves to defraud.
7 Canaan [Israel -- "whose ideals have sunk to those of Canaan] is a trader; the balances of deceit are in his hand; he loves to oppress and defraud.
8 And Ephraim said, "Surely I have become rich, I have found wealth for myself; In all my labors they will find in me No iniquity, which would be sin."
8 And Ephraim said, Yet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: in all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that were sin.
8 Ephraim claims, "I have become rich, I have made a fortune! Because of all my wealth, no one will find any iniquity or sin in me.'
8 Ephraim has said, Ah, but I have become rich; I have gained for myself wealth. All my profits shall bring on me no iniquity that would be sin. [But all his profits will never offset nor suffice to expiate the guilt which he has incurred.]
9 But I have been the LORD your God since the land of Egypt; I will make you live in tents again, As in the days of the appointed festival.
9 And I that am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt will yet make thee to dwell in tabernacles, as in the days of the solemn feast.
9 "Yet I remain the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. I will make you live in tents again, as in the festival of that name.
9 But I [Who] am the Lord your God from [when you became a nation in] the land of Egypt will yet make you to dwell in tents, as in the days of the appointed and solemn Feast [of Tabernacles].
10 I have also spoken to the prophets, And I gave numerous visions, And through the prophets I gave parables.
10 I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.
10 I spoke to the prophets, giving revelation after revelation, and employing parables in the prophetic writings.
10 I have also spoken to [you by] the prophets, and I have multiplied visions [for you] and [have appealed to you] through parables acted out by the prophets.
11 Is there iniquity in Gilead? Surely they are worthless. In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls, Yes, their altars are like the stone heaps Beside the furrows of the field.
11 Is there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the fields.
11 "There's iniquity in Gilead, isn't there? They have become truly vain. They sacrifice bulls in Gilgal; their altars are like piles of stone in furrowed fields.
11 If Gilead is given over to idolatry, they shall come to nought and be mere waste; if they [insult God by] sacrificing bullocks in Gilgal [on heathen altars], their altars shall be like heaps in the furrows of the fields.
12 Now Jacob fled to the land of Aram, And Israel worked for a wife, And for a wife he kept sheep.
12 And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.
12 Jacob fled into the land of Aram; Israel served there to obtain his wife, tending sheep to gain his wife.
12 Jacob fled into the open country of Aram or Padan-aram, and [there] Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he herded sheep.
13 But by a prophet the LORD brought Israel from Egypt, And by a prophet he was kept.
13 And by a prophet the LORD brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved.
13 "By a prophet the LORD brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet he was rescued.
13 And by a prophet the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was [Israel] preserved.
14 Ephraim has provoked to bitter anger; So his Lord will leave his bloodguilt on him And bring back his reproach to him.
14 Ephraim provoked him to anger most bitterly: therefore shall he leave his blood upon him, and his reproach shall his Lord return unto him.
14 Ephraim has stirred up violent anger; therefore the guilt of his blood will remain on him, and his Lord will repay him for his contempt."
14 Ephraim has provoked most bitter anger; therefore shall his blood [guilt] be left upon him, and his disgrace and reproach shall his Lord return upon him.
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