1. (??????) 'robber, bandit.' Used by the Lord in reference to those who bought and sold in the temple. Mt 21:13; Mr 11:17; Lu 19:46. In the parable of the Good Samaritan the traveller fell among robbers. Lu 10:30,36. When the Lord was arrested He asked if they had come out as against a robber. Mt 26:55; Mr 14:48; Lu 22:52. The two malefactors crucified with the Lord were also men of this character. Mt 27:38,44; Mr 15:27. The same Greek word is translated 'robber' in the A.V. in Joh 10:1,8; John 18: 40; 2Co 11:26.
2. ???????, 'thief.' Those who break through and steal secretly. Mt 6:19-20. This is the word employed in the expression "as a thief in the night," to which the unexpected coming of the Lord to the world is compared. 1Th 5:2,4; 2Pe 3:10; Re 3:3; etc. It is applied to Judas. Joh 12:6. The word 'thief' in the A.V. is always this word except in the passages quoted under No. 1.
THIEF. Among the Hebrews theft was not punished with death: "Men do not despise a thief if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry. But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house," Pr 6:30-31. The law allowed the killing of a night- robber, because it was supposed his intention was to murder as well as to rob, Ex 22:2. It condemned a common thief to make double restitution, Ex 22:4. If he stole an ox he was to restore it fivefold; if a sheep, only fourfold, Ex 22:1; 2Sa 12:6. But if the animal that was stolen was found alive in his house he only rendered the double of it. If he did not make restitution, they seized what was in his house, put it up to sale, and even sold the person himself if he had not wherewithal to make satisfaction, Ex 22:3.