Jonathan and David

1 Now it came about when he had finished speaking to Saul, that (A)the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and (B)Jonathan loved him as himself. 2 Saul took him that day and (C)did not let him return to his father’s house. 3 Then (D)Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 4 (E)Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his armor, including his sword and his bow and his belt. 5 So David went out wherever Saul sent him, and (a)prospered; and Saul set him over the men of war. And it was pleasing in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.
6 It happened as they were coming, when David returned from killing the Philistine, that (F)the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy and with (b)musical instruments. 7 The women (G)sang as they (c)played, and said,
(H)Saul has slain his thousands,
(I)And David his ten thousands.”
8 Then Saul became very angry, for this saying (d)displeased him; and he said, “They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but to me they have ascribed thousands. Now (J)what more can he have but the kingdom?” 9 Saul looked at David with suspicion from that day on.

Saul Turns against David

10 Now it came about on the next day that (K)an evil spirit from God came mightily upon Saul, and (L)he raved in the midst of the house, while David was playing the harp with his hand, (e)(M)as usual; and (f)(N)a spear was in Saul’s hand. 11 (O)Saul hurled the spear for he thought, “I will (g)pin David to the wall.” But David (h)escaped from his presence twice.
12 Now (P)Saul was afraid of David, (Q)for the Lord was with him but (R)had departed from Saul. 13 Therefore Saul removed him from (i)his presence and appointed him as his commander of a thousand; and (S)he went out and came in before the people. 14 David was (j)prospering in all his ways for (T)the Lord was with him. 15 When Saul saw that he was (k)prospering greatly, he dreaded him. 16 But (U)all Israel and Judah loved David, and he went out and came in before them.
17 Then Saul said to David, “(V)Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife, only be a valiant man for me and fight (W)the Lord’s battles.” For Saul thought, “My hand shall not be against him, but (X)let the hand of the Philistines be against him.” 18 But David said to Saul, “(Y)Who am I, and what is my life or my father’s family in Israel, that I should be the king’s son-in-law?” 19 So it came about at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to (Z)Adriel (AA)the Meholathite for a wife.

David Marries Saul’s Daughter

20 Now (AB)Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David. When they told Saul, the thing was agreeable (l)to him. 21 Saul thought, “I will give her to him that she may become a snare to him, and (AC)that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” Therefore Saul said to David, “(AD)For a second time you may be my son-in-law today.” 22 Then Saul commanded his servants, “Speak to David secretly, saying, ‘Behold, the king delights in you, and all his servants love you; now therefore, become the king’s son-in-law.’” 23 So Saul’s servants spoke these words (m)to David. But David said, “Is it trivial in your sight to become the king’s son-in-law, (AE)since I am a poor man and lightly esteemed?” 24 The servants of Saul reported to him (n)according to these words which David spoke. 25 Saul then said, “Thus you shall say to David, ‘The king does not desire any (AF)dowry except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, (AG)to take vengeance on the king’s enemies.’” Now (AH)Saul planned to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26 When his servants told David these words, (o)it pleased David to become the king’s son-in-law. (p)(AI)Before the days had expired 27 David rose up and went, (AJ)he and his men, and struck down two hundred men among the Philistines. Then (AK)David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might become the king’s son-in-law. So Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife. 28 When Saul saw and knew that the Lord was with David, and that Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved him, 29 then Saul was even more afraid of David. Thus Saul was David’s enemy continually.
30 Then the commanders of the Philistines (AL)went out to battle, and it happened as often as they went out, that David (AM)behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul. So his name was highly esteemed.


a. 1 Samuel 18:5: ['Or ', acted wisely]
b. 1 Samuel 18:6: ['I.e. triangles; or three-stringed instruments']
c. 1 Samuel 18:7: ['Or ', danced]
d. 1 Samuel 18:8: ['Lit ', was evil in his eyes]
e. 1 Samuel 18:10: ['Lit ', day by day]
f. 1 Samuel 18:10: ['Lit ', the]
g. 1 Samuel 18:11: ['Lit ', strike David and the wall]
h. 1 Samuel 18:11: ['Lit ', turned about]
i. 1 Samuel 18:13: ['Lit ', with him]
j. 1 Samuel 18:14: ['Or ', acting wisely]
k. 1 Samuel 18:15: ['Or ', acting very wisely]
l. 1 Samuel 18:20: ['Lit ', in his sight]
m. 1 Samuel 18:23: ['Lit ', in the ears of]
n. 1 Samuel 18:24: ['Lit ', by saying according]
o. 1 Samuel 18:26: ['Lit ', it was agreeable in the sight of]
p. 1 Samuel 18:26: ['Lit ', And the days had not expired]

Cross references:

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