Parallel Verses

Amplified

Their moral understanding is darkened and their reasoning is beclouded. [They are] alienated (estranged, self-banished) from the life of God [with no share in it; this is] because of the ignorance (the want of knowledge and perception, the willful blindness) that is deep-seated in them, due to their hardness of heart [to the insensitiveness of their moral nature].

New American Standard Bible

being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

King James Version

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Holman Bible

They are darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them and because of the hardness of their hearts.

International Standard Version

They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of their ignorance and hardness of heart.

A Conservative Version

darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the callousness of their heart.

American Standard Version

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their heart;

An Understandable Version

Their understanding [of spiritual things] is darkened and excluded from the [spiritual] life that God gives, because of the ignorance in their minds and the stubbornness in their hearts.

Anderson New Testament

darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;

Bible in Basic English

Whose thoughts are dark, to whom the life of God is strange because they are without knowledge, and their hearts have been made hard;

Common New Testament

they are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to the hardness of their heart;

Daniel Mace New Testament

which are overspread with darkness, and averse to a religious life, thro' their innate ignorance and obduracy:

Darby Translation

being darkened in understanding, estranged from the life of God by reason of the ignorance which is in them, by reason of the hardness of their hearts,

Godbey New Testament

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance being in themselves, on account of the blindness of their heart;

Goodspeed New Testament

They are estranged from the life of God because of the ignorance that exists among them and their obstinacy of heart,

John Wesley New Testament

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God, by the ignorance that is in them, through the hardness of their hearts:

Jubilee 2000 Bible

having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them because of the blindness of their heart,

Julia Smith Translation

Being darkened in understanding, alienated from the life of God by ignorance being in them, by the hardness of their heart;

King James 2000

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Lexham Expanded Bible

being darkened in understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance [that] is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,

Modern King James verseion

having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

blinded in their understanding, being strangers from the life which is in God, through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their hearts.

Moffatt New Testament

their intelligence is darkened, they are estranged from the life of God by the ignorance which their dulness of heart has produced in them ??19 men who have recklessly abandoned themselves to sensuality, with a lust for the business of impurity in every shape and form.

Montgomery New Testament

having their understanding darkened, alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts.

NET Bible

They are darkened in their understanding, being alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts.

New Heart English Bible

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;

Noyes New Testament

having their understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God on account of the ignorance that is in them, on account of the hardness of their hearts;

Sawyer New Testament

with their understandings darkened, alienated from the life of God on account of the ignorance which is in them, on account of the hardness of their hearts,

The Emphasized Bible

Being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God - by reason of the ignorance that existeth within them, by reason of their hearts being turned into stone,

Thomas Haweis New Testament

darkened in understanding; alienated from the life of God through the ignorance which is in them; through the blindness of their hearts:

Twentieth Century New Testament

With their powers of discernment darkened, cut off from the Life of God, owing to the ignorance that prevails among them and to the hardness of their hearts.

Webster

Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Weymouth New Testament

with darkened understandings, having by reason of the ignorance which is deep-seated in them and the insensibility of their moral nature, no share in the Life which God gives.

Williams New Testament

with darkened understanding, estranged from the life of God because of the ignorance that exists among them and because of the stubbornness of their hearts;

World English Bible

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardening of their hearts;

Worrell New Testament

being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their hearts;

Worsley New Testament

in the vanity of their mind, darkened in their understanding, and alienated from the life of God, through the ignorance that is in them, by reason of the hardness of their heart:

Youngs Literal Translation

being darkened in the understanding, being alienated from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart,

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
σκοτίζω 
Skotizo 
Usage: 6

διάνοια 
Dianoia 
Usage: 11

σκοτίζω 
Skotizo 
Usage: 6

ὤν οὖσα ὄν 
On 
being, when ... was, which is, that is, not tr,
Usage: 128

ἀπαλλοτριόω 
Apallotrioo 
be alienated with , be alien
Usage: 3

the life
ζωή 
Zoe 
Usage: 88

of God
θεός 
theos 
Usage: 1151

διά 
Dia 
by, through, with, for, for ... sake, therefore , for this cause , because,
Usage: 527

the ignorance
G52
ἄγνοια 
Agnoia 
Usage: 4

that is
ὤν οὖσα ὄν 
On 
being, when ... was, which is, that is, not tr,
Usage: 128

in
ἐν 
En 
in, by, with, among, at, on, through,
Usage: 2128


Usage: 0

διά 
Dia 
by, through, with, for, for ... sake, therefore , for this cause , because,
Usage: 527

of the blindness
πώρωσις 
Porosis 
Usage: 3

of their

Usage: 0

Images Ephesians 4:18

Prayers for Ephesians 4:18

Context Readings

Appeal For New Behavior

17 So this I say and solemnly testify in [the name of] the Lord [as in His presence], that you must no longer live as the heathen (the Gentiles) do in their perverseness [in the folly, vanity, and emptiness of their souls and the futility] of their minds. 18 Their moral understanding is darkened and their reasoning is beclouded. [They are] alienated (estranged, self-banished) from the life of God [with no share in it; this is] because of the ignorance (the want of knowledge and perception, the willful blindness) that is deep-seated in them, due to their hardness of heart [to the insensitiveness of their moral nature]. 19 In their spiritual apathy they have become callous and past feeling and reckless and have abandoned themselves [a prey] to unbridled sensuality, eager and greedy to indulge in every form of impurity [that their depraved desires may suggest and demand].


Cross References

Ephesians 2:12

[Remember] that you were at that time separated (living apart) from Christ [excluded from all part in Him], utterly estranged and outlawed from the rights of Israel as a nation, and strangers with no share in the sacred compacts of the [Messianic] promise [with no knowledge of or right in God's agreements, His covenants]. And you had no hope (no promise); you were in the world without God.

Galatians 4:8

But at that previous time, when you had not come to be acquainted with and understand and know the true God, you [Gentiles] were in bondage to gods who by their very nature could not be gods at all [gods that really did not exist].

1 Thessalonians 4:5

Not [to be used] in the passion of lust like the heathen, who are ignorant of the true God and have no knowledge of His will,

Acts 17:30

Such [former] ages of ignorance God, it is true, ignored and allowed to pass unnoticed; but now He charges all people everywhere to repent ( to change their minds for the better and heartily to amend their ways, with abhorrence of their past sins),

Romans 1:21-23

Because when they knew and recognized Him as God, they did not honor and glorify Him as God or give Him thanks. But instead they became futile and godless in their thinking [with vain imaginings, foolish reasoning, and stupid speculations] and their senseless minds were darkened.

Romans 11:25

Lest you be self-opinionated (wise in your own conceits), I do not want you to miss this hidden truth and mystery, brethren: a hardening (insensibility) has [temporarily] befallen a part of Israel [to last] until the full number of the ingathering of the Gentiles has come in,

Psalm 74:20

Have regard for the covenant [You made with Abraham], for the dark places of the land are full of the habitations of violence.

Psalm 115:4-8

The idols of the nations are silver and gold, the work of men's hands.

Isaiah 44:18-20

They do not know or understand, for their eyes God has let become besmeared so that they cannot see, and their minds as well so that they cannot understand.

Isaiah 46:5-8

To whom will you liken Me and make Me equal and compare Me, that we may be alike?

Daniel 5:20

But when his heart was lifted up and his mind and spirit were hardened so that he dealt proudly, he was deposed from his kingly throne and his glory was taken from him;

Matthew 13:15

For this nation's heart has grown gross (fat and dull), and their ears heavy and difficult of hearing, and their eyes they have tightly closed, lest they see and perceive with their eyes, and hear and comprehend the sense with their ears, and grasp and understand with their heart, and turn and I should heal them.

Mark 3:5

And He glanced around at them with vexation and anger, grieved at the hardening of their hearts, and said to the man, Hold out your hand. He held it out, and his hand was [completely] restored.

John 12:40

He has blinded their eyes and hardened and benumbed their [callous, degenerated] hearts [He has made their minds dull], to keep them from seeing with their eyes and understanding with their hearts and minds and repenting and turning to Me to heal them.

Acts 26:17-18

Choosing you out [selecting you for Myself] and delivering you from among this [Jewish] people and the Gentiles to whom I am sending you -- "

Romans 1:28

And so, since they did not see fit to acknowledge God or approve of Him or consider Him worth the knowing, God gave them over to a base and condemned mind to do things not proper or decent but loathsome,

Romans 2:19

And if you are confident that you [yourself] are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, and [that

Romans 8:7-8

[That is] because the mind of the flesh [with its carnal thoughts and purposes] is hostile to God, for it does not submit itself to God's Law; indeed it cannot.

1 Corinthians 1:21

For when the world with all its earthly wisdom failed to perceive and recognize and know God by means of its own philosophy, God in His wisdom was pleased through the foolishness of preaching [salvation, procured by Christ and to be had through Him], to save those who believed (who clung to and trusted in and relied on Him).

2 Corinthians 3:14

In fact, their minds were grown hard and calloused [they had become dull and had lost the power of understanding]; for until this present day, when the Old Testament (the old covenant) is being read, that same veil still lies [on their hearts], not being lifted [to reveal] that in Christ it is made void and done away.

2 Corinthians 4:4

For the god of this world has blinded the unbelievers' minds [that they should not discern the truth], preventing them from seeing the illuminating light of the Gospel of the glory of Christ (the Messiah), Who is the Image and Likeness of God.

Colossians 1:21

And although you at one time were estranged and alienated from Him and were of hostile attitude of mind in your wicked activities,

James 4:4

You [are like] unfaithful wives [having illicit love affairs with the world and breaking your marriage vow to God]! Do you not know that being the world's friend is being God's enemy? So whoever chooses to be a friend of the world takes his stand as an enemy of God.

1 John 2:11

But he who hates (detests, despises) his brother [ in Christ] is in darkness and walking (living) in the dark; he is straying and does not perceive or know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.

New American Standard Bible Copyright ©1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org

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Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain