1. David's nephew, the son of Abigail, David's sister, and Jether an Ishmaelite. His percentage may have led David to show him less favor than his other nephews, and this may have disposed him to join in the rebellion of Absalom. He was the general of Absalom's army, and was defeated by his cousin Joab, 2Sa 17-18. David afterwards offered him a pardon and the command of his troops in the place of Joab, whose overbearing conduct he could no longer endure, 2Sa 19:13. But in the confusion of Sheba'' rebellion, Amasa was treacherously murdered by his powerful rival, 2Sa 20:4-10. B. C. 1022.
2. A chief of Ephraim, who opposed retaining as bondsmen the men of Judah taken captive in a war with Pekah king of Israel, 2Ch 28:12.
(1.) The son of Abigail, a sister of king David (1Ch 2:17; 2Sa 17:25). He was appointed by David to command the army in room of his cousin Joab (2Sa 19:13), who afterwards treacherously put him to death as a dangerous rival (2Sa 20:4-12).
(2.) A son of Hadlai, and chief of Ephraim (2Ch 28:12) in the reign of Ahaz.
1. Son (seemingly illegitimate) of Jether or Ithra, an Ishmaelite, by Abigail, David's sister (2Sa 17:25; 1Ch 2:15-17). (See ABSALOM.) Joined his rebellion, probably because neglected by David (as appears from his not being mentioned previously) on account of his Ishmaelite parentage (Zeruiah occurs always without mention of her husband; but Abigail always with her husband Jether, as though in disparagement). Defeated in the wood of Ephraim by Joab (2 Samuel 18).
David, to atone for past neglect, pardoned, and even promoted him to command the army in the room of the overbearing Joab. Amasa's slowness in crushing Sheba's rebellion, perhaps owing to the disinclination of the troops to be under his command, obliged David to dispatch Abishai with the household guards, and Joab accompanied them. Amasa and his force overtook them at "the great stone of Gibeon." There Joab, while taking with his right hand Amasa's beard to kiss him, with his left stabbed him with his sword (2Sa 20:10).
2. AMASAI, leader of a body of men of Judah and Benjamin, to join David in the hold at Ziklag; David's apprehension of treachery on the part of his own tribe was dispelled by Amasa's words under the spirit which "clothed" him: "Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse; peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers, for thy God helpeth thee." (Margin 1Ch 12:16-18.) 1Ch 12:3. A prince of Ephraim, son of Hadlai, who, at the prophet Oded's command from God, opposed the detention of the Jews taken captive by Pekah of Israel from Ahaz of Judah (2Ch 28:12).
1. The son of Ithra an Ishmaelite, and of Abigail the sister of king David. He commanded the army of the rebel Absalom (2Sa 17:25); but was completely routed by Joab in the forest of Ephraim (2Sa 18:6-8). David not only pardoned him, but gave him the command of the army in place of Joab (2Sa 19:13). He was treacherously slain by Joab at 'the great stone of Gibeon' (2Sa 20:9-12). 2. An Ephraimite who opposed the bringing into Samaria of the Jewish prisoners, whom Pekah, king of Israel, had taken in his campaign against Ahaz (2Ch 28:12).
1. Son of Ithra, or Jether, by David's sister Abigail, whom Absalom in his revolt made captain of his army. David forgave him and promised him the command of the army, but he was treacherously slain by Joab. David left it to his son Solomon to revenge this act. 2Sa 17:25; 19:13; 20:4-12; 1Ki 2:5,32; 1Ch 2:17.
2. An Ephraimite who resisted the bringing into Samaria prisoners from Judah. 2Ch 28:12-15.
1. Son of Ithra, or Jether, by Abigail, David's sister.
He joined in Absalom's rebellion, B.C. 1023, was appointed commander-in-chief and suffered defeat by Joab.
David, incensed against Joab for killing Absalom, forgave Amasa and appointed him Joab's successor.
Joab afterwards, when they were both in pursuit of the rebel Sheba, pretending to salute Amasa stabbed him with his sword.
2. A prince of Ephraim, son of Hadlai, in the reign of Ahaz.
AMASA, the son of Ithra and Abigail, David's sister, whom Absalom, when he rebelled against his father, appointed general of his army, 2Sa 17:25. Amasa having thus received the command of Absalom's troops, engaged his cousin Joab, general of David's army, and was worsted. But, after the defeat of Absalom's party, David, being angry at Joab for killing Absalom, pardoned Amasa, and gave him the command of his own army. Upon the revolt of Sheba, the son of Bichri, David gave orders to Amasa to assemble all Judah and march against Sheba. Amasa not being able to form his army in the time prescribed, David directed Abishai to pursue Sheba with the guards. Joab, with his people, accompanied him; and these troops were scarcely got as far as the great stone in Gibeon, before Amasa came and joined them with his forces. Then said Joab to Amasa, "Art thou in health, my brother?" and took him by the beard with his right hand to kiss him; and treacherously smote him under the fifth rib, so that he expired.