The lion of God, one of Ezra's chief men, Ezr 8:16. This word is used, in 2Sa 24:25; 1Ch 11:22, as a descriptive or perhaps a family name of two lion-like men of Moab. In another sense, Ezekiel applies it to the altar of God, Eze 43:15, and Isaiah to Jerusalem, as the hearth on which both the burnt offerings and the enemies of God should be consumed, Isa 29:1-2,7. See also Ge 49:9.
the lion of God.
(1.) One of the chief men sent by Ezra to procure Levites for the sanctuary (Ezr 8:16).
("lion of God".)
1. A brave "chief," who directed under Ezra (Ezr 8:16) the caravan from Babylon to Jerusalem. ARELI is akin (Nu 26:17). In 2Sa 23:20 Winer translates for "two like-like men" two (sons) of Ariel; but Gesenius supports the KJV.
2. A symbolic name for Jerusalem (Isa 29:1-2), the lion of God, rendered by God invincible. For "the lion of the tribe of Judah" is on her side (Re 5:5). "It shall be unto Me as Ariel"; it shall emerge from its dangers invincible, Sennacherib's invasion shall recoil on himself. In Eze 43:15 "the altar"; the secret of Israel's lion-like strength, her having God at peace with her through the atoning sacrifice there. Menochius guesses that the lieu (aril) was carved on it; but as the word in Hebrew of Eze 43:15 (arieil) is somewhat different from that in Isaiah, perhaps in Ezekiel it menus, from an Arabic root, "the hearth of God." Ganneau has deciphered on the Moabite stone that the Ariel of David is mentioned as taken by Mesha, the Moabite king, at Ataroth, and dragged before the face of Chemosh at Kerioth. The Ariel here must mean a lion carved altar of God.
1. One of Ezra's chief men (Ezr 8:16). 2. The name of a Moabite (according to RV of 2Sa 23:20; 1Ch 11:22) whose two sons were slain by Benaiah. 3. A name of uncertain meaning, perhaps = 'God's altar-hearth,' given to Jerusalem by Isaiah (Isa 29:1 ff.). It has recently been proposed to read Uri-el ('city of God') as a paronomasia or play of words on Uru-salim, the earliest recorded form of the name 'Jerusalem.'
A. R. S. Kennedy.
1. Symbolical name of Jerusalem, signifying 'Lion of God,' probably in reference to the lion being the emblem of Judah. Isa 29:1-2,7. In the margin of Eze 43:15, the altar is called the 'lion of God;' but the word is slightly different and is translated by some the 'hearth of God,' the place for offering all sacrifices to God.
2. One whom Ezra sent to Iddo at Casiphia. Ezr 8:16.
(lion of God).
1. One of the "chief men" who under Ezra directed the caravan which he led back from Babylon to Jerusalem.
(B.C. 459.) The word occurs also in reference to two Moabites slain by Benaiah.
Many regard the word as an epithet, "lion-like;" but it seems better to look upon it as a proper name, and translate "two [sons] of Ariel."
2. A designation given by Isaiah to the city of Jerusalem.
We must understand by it either "lion of God," as the chief city, or "hearth of God," a synonym for the altar of burnt offering. On the whole it seems most probable that, as a name given to Jerusalem, Ariel means "lion of God," whilst the word used by Ezekiel,
means "hearth of God."