7 occurrences in 7 dictionaries

Reference: Beryl


The name of a precious stone of a sea-green color, found principally in India, Da 10:6; Re 21:20.

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the rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew word tarshish, a precious stone; probably so called as being brought from Tarshish. It was one of the stones on the breastplate of the high priest (Ex 28:20; R.V. marg., "chalcedony;" Ex 39:13). The colour of the wheels in Ezekiel's vision was as the colour of a beryl stone (Ex 1:16; 10:9; R.V., "stone of Tarshish"). It is mentioned in Song 5:14; Da 10:6; Re 21:20. In Eze 28:13 the LXX. render the word by "chrysolite," which the Jewish historian Josephus regards as its proper translation. This also is the rendering given in the Authorized Version in the margin. That was a gold-coloured gem, the topaz of ancient authors.

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The first in the fourth row of precious stones in the high priest's breast-plate (Ex 28:20; 39:13), Hebrew tarshish, the tartessus stone, found in Spain. Sea green, pale blue, yellow, and almost white, are its various colors. The color of the cherubic wheels (Eze 1:16; 10:9). In Eze 28:13 it is one of the Tyrian king's treasures, margin: chrysolite. Set in rings of gold (Song 5:14); not as Smith's Bible Dictionary, "his wrists are circlets of gold full set with topazes,' but the hands bent in are compared to beautiful rings in which beryl is set, as the nails are in the fingers The body of the man seen in vision (Da 10:6) resembled it. In Re 21:19-20, the city's eighth foundation, the chrysolite being the seventh. The aquamarine, according to Schleusner.

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There is no certainty as to what stone the word tarshish denotes. The LXX translate it by different words. In Eze 1:16; 10:9 the 'wheels' are compared to its colour, without stating what that was. Some suppose it was the golden topaz; others that it was the chrysolite. It was the first in the fourth row of the high priest's breastplate, and is mentioned in the foundation of the heavenly Jerusalem. Ex 28:20; 39:13; Cant. 5:14; Eze 28:13; Da 10:6. In Re 21:20 the word is ????????, beryl.

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(tarshish) occurs in

Ex 28:20

It is generally supposed that the tarshish derives its name from the place so called, in Spain. Beryl is a mineral of great hardness, and, when transparent, of much beauty. By tarshish the modern yellow topaz is probably intended, while in

Re 21:20

a different stone is perhaps referred to, probably the mineral now called beryl, which is identical with the emerald except in color, being a light green or bluish-green.

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BERYL, ?????, a pellucid gem of a bluish green colour, whence it is called by the lapidaries, aqua marina. Its Hebrew name is a word also for the same reason given to the sea, Ps 48:7. It is found in the East Indies, Peru, Siberia, and Tartary. It has a brilliant appearance, and is generally transparent. It was the tenth stone belonging to the high priest's pectoral, Ex 28:10,20; Re 21:20.

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