(2.) The husband of Miriam, Moses' sister (Ex 17:10-12). He was associated with Aaron in charge of the people when Moses was absent on Sinai (Ex 24:14). He was probably of the tribe of Judah, and grandfather of Bezaleel (Ex 31:2; 35:30; 1Ch 2:19).
(3.) One of the five princes of Midian who were defeated and slain by the Israelites under the command of Phinehas (Nu 31:8).
1. Ex 31:2-5; 1Ch 2:5,19-20,50-51; 4/1/type/leb'>4:1,4. Josephus makes him husband of Miriam (?), Ant. 3:8, section 4. With Aaron Hur. held up Moses' hands in the battle with Amalek (Ex 17:10-12). Again with Aaron had charge of the People in Moses' absence on mount Sinai, as his representative (Ex 24:14). "The father (founder) of Bethlehem," which as late as the 13th century A.D. was famed for tapestry weaving, the art for which Bezaleel his grandson was famed. Jesse was said to have woven veils of the sanctuary.
2. Fourth of the five Midianite kings slain with Balaam after the affair of Peor (Nu 31:8). These "princes" were "dukes (i.e. vassals) of Sihon king of the Amorites" (Jos 13:21). Sihon "had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land" (Nu 21:26). So, Balak was not hereditary king, but probably a Midianite; as Zippor, i.e. a bird, is like the Midianite names Oreb "crow," Zeeb "wolf"; imposed upon Moab as king by Sihon.
3. 1Ki 4:8, margin, Benhur.
4. Ne 3:9.
The name is possibly of Egyptian origin. 1. With Aaron he held up Moses' hands, in order that by the continual uplifting of the sacred staff Israel might prevail over Amalek (Ex 17:10,12 Elohist). With Aaron he was left in charge of the people when Moses ascended the mountain (Ex 24:14 Elohist). 2. A Judahite, the grandfather of Bezalel (Ex 31:2; 35:30; 38:22 Peter). According to the Chronicler, he was descended from Perez, through Hezron and Caleb (1Ch 2:19 f, 1Ch 2:50; 4:1-4; 2Ch 1:5); and in Josephus Ant. III. ii. 4, vi. 1, he is the husband of Miriam, and identical with 1. 3. One of the kings of Midian slain after the sin at Peor (Nu 31:8); described as 'chiefs' of Midian, and 'princes' of Sihon (Jos 13:21). 4. The father of one of the twelve officers who supplied Solomon and his court with food (1Ki 4:8 RV 'Ben-hur') 5. The father of Rephaiah, who was a ruler of half of Jerusalem, and who helped to repair the walls (Ne 3:9). Septuagint omits the name Hur.
A. H. M'Neile.
1. One who with Aaron supported the hands of Moses during the battle of Israel with Amalek. He was also left with Aaron in charge of the camp when Moses ascended mount Sinai. Ex 17:10,12; 24:14. Jewish tradition says that he was the husband of Miriam, and the same person as No. 2.
4. Ben-hur, or 'son of Hur,' commissariat officer of Solomon in mount Ephraim. 1Ki 4:8.