Or HYACINTH, a gem of a yellowish red or hyacinth color, nearly related to zircon and to the amethyst. It loses its color by being heated, and resembles the diamond,
properly a flower of a reddish blue or deep purple (hyacinth), and hence a precious stone of that colour (Re 21:20). It has been supposed to designate the same stone as the ligure (Heb leshem) mentioned in Ex 28:19 as the first stone of the third row in the high priest's breast-plate. In Re 9:17 the word is simply descriptive of colour.
("hyacinth".) A precious stone, a foundation of the New Jerusalem wall (Re 21:20). Hebrew leshem, "ligure" in the high priest's breast-plate (Ex 28:19). A red zircon, found in square prisms, varying from pale green to purple red. "Ligure" in Speaker's Commentary is explained by "amber," which, according to Pliny and Theophrastus, came from Liguria. Smith's Bible Dictionary says "ligurite is a crystallized mineral of a yellowish or apple-green hue found in Liguria, 'jacinth' seems identical with Hebrew leshem)." In Re 9:17 the "breast-plates of jacinth" are of hyacinth color, the dark blue iris color answering to the "smoke out of their mouths." Pliny says (37:41), the violet brightness in the amethyst is diluted in the jacinth. Solinus makes the,jacinth our sapphire.
The word ???????? signifies hyacinth, and this, as a colour, is a deep purple. In Re 9:17 the horsemen had breastplates of fire, jacinth, and brimstone, which seem to imply flashes of coloured light. In Re 21:20 the jacinth garnishes the eleventh foundation of the heavenly Jerusalem. It is supposed by some to be the same as the ligure. The Greek word occurs in the LXX in Ex 25:4; 26:1, etc., but is translated 'blue.'
a precious stone, forming one of the foundations of the walls of the new Jerusalem.
Called hyacinth in the Revised Version. This is simply a different English rendering of the same Greek original. It is probably identical with the lighure of
The Jacinth or hyacinth is a red variety of zircon, which is found in square prisms of a white, gray, red, reddish-brown, yellow or pale-green color. The expression in
of jacinth, is descriptive simply of a dark-purple color.