A Levite, one of the directors of music at the temple, 1Ch 16:38-42. His descendants held the same office, 2Ch 35:15; Ne 11:7; and the name of one of them appears in the title of Ps 39; 62; 77. See ASAPH.
lauder; praising, a Levite of the family of Merari, and one of the three masters of music appointed by David (1Ch 16:41-42; 25:1-6). He is called in 2Ch 35:15 "the king's seer." His descendants are mentioned as singers and players on instruments (Ne 11:17). He was probably the same as Ethan (1Ch 15:17,19). In the superscriptions to PS 39, 62, and 77, the words "upon Jeduthun" probably denote a musical instrument; or they may denote the style or tune invented or introduced by Jeduthun, or that the psalm was to be sung by his choir.
JEDITTHUN; ("who gives praises".) 1Ch 16:38; Psalm 39, 62, 77, titles, implying that these psalms were to be sung by Jeduthun's choir; Ne 11:17. Jeduthun presided over a choir under David. "The sons of Jeduthun" had the office to "prophesy with the harp, to give thanks, and to praise the Lord" (1Ch 25:1,3). He wasa Merarite Levite, along with the Kohathite Heman and the Gershonite Asaph directing the music of the sanctuary; 4,000 in all, divided into courses, "praising the Lord with the instruments which I made, said David, to praise therewith" (1Ch 23:5-6). Identical with Ethan the Merarite (1Ch 6:44; 15:17,19); for as there was one Kohathite and one Gershonite, head of musicians, so there would be only one Merarite head. (See ETHAN.)
That Jeduthun was a Merarite appears from Hosah his son (1Ch 16:38,42) being a Merarite (1Ch 26:10). Compare also 1Ch 15:17,19 with 6/41/type/nheb'>1Ch 16:41-42; 25:1,3,6; 2Ch 35:15, where he is called the "king's seer," i.e. being under the Spirit's influence. He sounded the cymbals of brass, marking time, while those under him played the harp (Ps 150:5). The trumpets were peculiar to the priests. Asaph and his brethren ministered before the ark at Jerusalem, Jeduthun and Heman "before the tabernacle of Jehovah in the high place at Gibeon." His sons were six of them prophesiers with the harp, and two of them, Obed Edom and Hosah, gatekeepers.
Jeduthun's singers with Asaph's and Heman's (namely, their sons and brethren), arrayed in white linen, officiated at the E. end of the altar, having cymbals, psalteries, and harps, at the dedication of Solomon's temple; and it was "when the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the Lord," with trumpets, cymbals, and instruments accompanying the voices praising the Lord "for He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever," that the house of the Lord was filled with the cloud of glory (2Ch 5:13-14; compare 2Ch 20:21-22). Praise is a most effective way of obtaining God's help. In Hezekiah's reign (2Ch 29:13-14), again in Josiah's (2Ch 35:15), lastly under Nehemiah (Ne 11:17), Jeduthun's choir or descendants officiated in the sanctuary music.
An unintelligible name having to do with the music or the musicians of the Temple. According to 1Ch 25:1 etc., it was the name of one of the three musical guilds, and it appears in some passages to mask the name Ethan. Jeduthun (Jedithun) occurs in the headings of Ps 39; 62; 77, and appears to refer to an instrument or to a tune. But in our ignorance of Hebrew music it is impossible to do more than guess what Jeduthun really meant.
W. F. Cobb.
Son of Berechiah, a Levite, and one of David's chief musicians; he is also called the king's seer. Ps. 39, Ps. 62, and Ps. 77 are inscribed to him. Some of his descendants assisted in the service of song and some returned from exile. 1Ch 16:38,41-42; 25:1-6; 2Ch 5:12; 35:15; Ne 11:17.
(praising), a Levite of the family of Merari, is probably the same as Ethan. Comp.
with 6/41/type/nheb'>1Chr 16:41,42; 25:1,3,6; 2Chr 35:15 His office was generally to preside over the music of the temple service, Jeduthun's name stands at the head of the 39th, 62d and 77th Psalms, indicating probably that they were to be sung by his choir. (B.C. 1014.)
JEDUTHUN, a Levite of Merari's family, and one of the four great masters of music belonging to the temple, 1Ch 16:38,41-42; 15:17; Ps 89, title. He is the same as Ethan. Some of the Psalms are said to have been composed by him; such as the eighty-ninth, thirty-ninth, sixty-second, seventy-seventh; all of which go under his name. Some believe, that David, having composed these Psalms, gave them to Jeduthun and his company to sing; and that this is the reason of their going by this name. But there are some Psalms which have the name of Jeduthun, that seem to have been composed either during the captivity, or after it; and consequently the name of Jeduthun prefixed to them, can signify nothing else, but that some of his descendants, and of Jeduthun's class, composed them long after the death of the famous Jeduthun, one of their ancestors.