The contrast between 'natural' (Gr. psychikos) and 'spiritual' (pneumatikos) is drawn out by St. Paul in 1Co 15:44-46. The natural body is derived from the first Adam, and is our body in so far as it is accommodated to, and limited by, the needs of the animal side of the human nature. In such a sense it is especially true that 'the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God' (1Co 2:14). Man derives his spiritual life from union with Christ ('the last Adam'), but his present body is not adapted to the needs of this spiritual existence; hence the distinction made by St. Paul between the natural body (called the 'body of death,' Ro 7:24) and the spiritual body of the resurrection. The transference from the one to the other begins in this life, and the two beings are identical in so far as continuity creates an identity, but otherwise, owing to the operation of the union with Christ, distinct.
T. A. Moxon.
That which is according to nature.
1. ???????, 'origin, birth.' Man beholds his natural face in a glass. Jas 1:23.
2. ???? ?????, 'according to nature.' The Israelites are called the natural branches of the olive tree which God planted on earth. Ro 11:21,24. ???????, 'that which belongs to nature.' Ro 1:26-27; 2Pe 2:12; Jude 1:10.
3. ???????, from 'life, soul.' "The natural man that is, a man characterised by the natural life of the soul, without the teaching and power of the Holy Spirit receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God." 1Co 2:14. The body of the Christian is sown 'a natural body' (having had natural life through the living soul); it will be raised 'a spiritual body.' 1Co 15:44-46.
NATURAL, ???????, is a term that frequently occurs in the apostolic writings: "The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God, neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned," 1Co 2:14. Here it is plain that by "the natural man," is not meant a person, devoid of natural judgment, reason, or conscience, in which sense the expression is often used among men. Nor does it signify one who is entirely governed by his fleshly appetites, or what the world calls a voluptuary, or sensualist. Neither does it signify merely a man in the rude state of nature, whose faculties have not been cultivated by learning and study, and polished by an intercourse with society. The Apostle manifestly takes his "natural man" from among such as the world hold in the highest repute for their natural parts, their learning, and their religion. He selects him from among the philosophers of Greece, who sought after wisdom, and from among the Jewish scribes, who were instructed in the revealed law of God, 1Co 1:22-23. These are the persons whom he terms the wise, the scribes, the disputers of this world