1. The son of Immer, a priest and a chief officer in the temple; he violently opposed the prophet Jeremiah, and persecuted him even with blows and confinement in the stocks; but all recoiled on his own head, Jer 20:1-6.
release. (1.) The son of Immer (probably the same as Amariah, Ne 10:3; 12:2), the head of one of the priestly courses, was "chief governor [Heb paqid nagid, meaning "deputy governor"] of the temple" (Jer 20:1-2). At this time the nagid, or "governor," of the temple was Seraiah the high priest (1Ch 6:14), and Pashur was his paqid, or "deputy." Enraged at the plainness with which Jeremiah uttered his solemn warnings of coming judgements, because of the abounding iniquity of the times, Pashur ordered the temple police to seize him, and after inflicting on him corporal punishment (forty stripes save one, De 25:3; comp. 2Co 11:24), to put him in the stocks in the high gate of Benjamin, where he remained all night. On being set free in the morning, Jeremiah went to Pashur (Jer 20:3,5), and announced to him that God had changed his name to Magor-missabib, i.e., "terror on every side." The punishment that fell upon him was probably remorse, when he saw the ruin he had brought upon his country by advising a close alliance with Egypt in opposition to the counsels of Jeremiah (Jer 20:4-6). He was carried captive to Babylon, and died there.
(3.) The father of Gedaliah. He was probably the same as (1).
("prosperity everywhere") (Gesenius).
1. Jer 20:1-6. A priest, Immer's son, of the 16th order (1Ch 9:12), "chief governor in the house of the Lord." There were 24 in all: 16 of Eleazar's sons, eight of Ithamar's, answering (Lu 22:4) to the captains of the temple (1Ch 24:14). Smote and put in the stocks Jeremiah for foretelling Jerusalem's desolation. On the following day Jeremiah, when brought out of the stocks, foretold that he should be not Pashur but Magor-Missabib, a terror to himself and his friends; he and all in his house, and all his friends to whom he had "prophesied lies" (Jer 5:31; 18:18), should go into captivity and die in Babylon.
2. Jer 21:1,9; 38:1-2,6; 1Ch 24:9,14; Ne 11:12. (See MAGOR-MISSABIB.) The house was a chief one in Nehemiah's time (Ne 7:41; 10:3; 12:2). He was sent by Zedekiah to consult Jeremiah on the issue of Nebuchadnezzar's threatened attack, and received a reply foreboding Judah's overthrow. Subsequently, after the respite caused by Pharaoh Hophra had ended and the Chaldees returned to the siege, Pashur was one who besought the king to kill Jeremiah for weakening the hands of the men of war by dispiriting prophecies, and who cast the prophet into the pit of Malchiah.
3. Jer 38:1.
2. Priest who sealed the covenant. Ne 10:3.
3. Son of Immer, 'chief governor in the house of the Lord.' He struck Jeremiah and put him in the stocks. Jeremiah said to him that the Lord had called his name MAGOR-MISSABIB, 'fear round about' margin. The Lord would make him a terror to himself and all his friends; and they should fall by the sword. He should be carried into captivity and die there. Jer 20:1-6.
5. Father of Gedaliah. Jer 38:1.
1. One of the families of priests of the chief house of Malchijah.
In the time of Nehemiah this family appears to have become a chief house, and its head the head of a course.
The individual from whom the family was named was probably Pushur the son of Malchiah, who in the reign of Zedekiah was one of the chief princes of the court.
(B.C. 607.) He was sent, with others, by Zedekiah to Jeremiah at the time when Nebuchudnezzar was preparing his attack upon Jerusalem.
... Again somewhat later Pashur joined with several other chief men in petitioning the king that Jeremiah might be put to death as a traitor.
2. Another person of this name, also a priest, and "chief governor of the house of the Lord," is mentioned in
He is described as "the son of Immer."
probably the same as Amariah.
etc. In the reign of Jehoiakim he showed himself as hostile to Jeremiah as his namesake the son of Malchiah did afterward, and put him in the stocks by the gate of Benjamin. For this indignity to God's prophet Pashur was told by Jeremiah that his name was changed to Magor-missabib (terror on every side) and that he and all his house should be carried captives to Babylon and there die.