6 occurrences in 6 dictionaries

Reference: Shammah

American

1. One of the three chiefs of David's thirty heroes, who shared with David and Eleazar the honor of the exploit recorded in 2Sa 23:11-12; 1Ch 11:12-14. Another feast is described in 2Sa 23:13-17.

2. A brother of David, 1Sa 16:9; 17:13; elsewhere called Shimeah, 2Sa 13:3,22; 1Ch 2:13.

Others of this name are mentioned, Ge 36:13,17; 2Sa 23:25,33; 1Ch 11:27; 27:8.

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Easton

desert. (1.) One of the "dukes" of Edom (Ge 36:13,17).

(2.) One of the sons of Jesse (1Sa 16:9). He is also called Shimeah (2Sa 13:3) and Shimma (1Ch 2:13).

(3.) One of David's three mighty men (2Sa 23:11-12).

(4.) One of David's mighties (2Sa 23:25); called also Shammoth (1Ch 11:27) and Shamhuth ().

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Fausets

1. Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37.

2. Jesse's third son, SHIMEA, SHIMEAH, SHIMMA (1Sa 16:9,13); present at David's anointing and at the battle with Goliath (1Sa 17:13). (See SHIMMA.)

3. One of David's three mighties; son of Agee the Hararite. Single handed he withstood the Philistines in a field of lentils ("barley" according to 1Ch 11:13-14,27, where also by a copyist's error Shammah is omitted and the deed attributed to Eleazar), when the rest fled before them and Jehovah by him wrought a great victory (2Sa 23:11-12). 2Sa 23:4. (See SHAMHUTH.)

5. 2Sa 23:32-33, instead of "Jonathan Shammah," should read "Jonathan son of Shage," or combining both as Kennicott suggests, "Jonathan son of Shamha" (1Ch 11:34).

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Hastings

1. Son of Reuel, son of Esau, a tribal chief (Ge 36:13). 2. Third son of Jesse, present when Samuel sought a successor to Saul (1Sa 16:9); with Saul in the battlefield when David visited the camp (1Sa 17:13). He is the same as Shimeah, father of Jonadab (2Sa 13:3), the Shimea of 1Ch 2:16, and the Shimei, father of Jonathan who slew the giant (2Sa 21:21). In 1Ch 20:7 Jonathan is called son of Shimea. 3. Son of Agee, a Hararite, one of the three mighty men of David. Alone he held the field against the Philistines (2Sa 23:11). The parallel passage, 1Ch 11:10 f., wrongly attributes the feat to Eleazar. He is probably identical with 'Shammah, the Harodite' (Hararite) of 2Sa 23:25. 2Sa 23:38 should read 'Jonathan son of Shammah, the Hararite.' In '/1-Chronicles/11/34/type/kjv'>1Ch 11:34, 'son of Shage' is probably confused with 'son of Agee.' Read, with Lucian, 'son of Jonathan.' Shimei, son of Ela (1Ki 4:18), should also appear here if we accept Lucian's reading of 'Ela' for 'Agee' (2Sa 23:11). 4. An officer in David's employ, called Shammoth in 1Ch 11:27, and Shamhuth in 1Ch 27:8. Probably the same as No. 3.

J. H. Stevenson.

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Morish

Sham'mah

1. Son of Reuel, a son of Esau. Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37.

2. Son of Jesse and brother of David. 1Sa 16:9; 17:13. Called SHIMEAH in 2Sa 13:3; and SHIMMA in 1Ch 2:13.

3. Son of Agee a Hararite and one of David's mighty men. 2Sa 23:11.

4, 5. Two of David's mighty men, one a Harodite and the other a Hararite. 2Sa 23:25,33.

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Smith

Sham'mah

(astonishment).

1. The son of Reuel the son of Esau.

Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37

(B.C. about 1700.)

2. The third son of Jesse, and brother of David.

1Sa 16:9; 17:13

Called also Shimea., Shimeah and Shimma.

3. One of the three greatest of David's mighty men.

2Sa 23:11-17

(B.C. 1061.)

4. The Harodite, one of David's mighties.

2Sa 23:25

He is called "SHAMMOTH the Harorite" in

See Shammoth

1Ch 11:27

and "SHAMHUTH the Izrahite" ibid.

See Shamhuth

1Ch 27:8

5. In the list of David's mighty men in

2Sa 23:32-33

we find "Jonathan, Shammah the Hararite;" while in the corresponding verse of

1Ch 11:34

it is Jonathan.

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