The Altar of Burnt Offering
1 “You(A) are to construct the altar of acacia wood. The altar must be square, 7½ feet long, and 7½ feet wide;(a) it must be 4½ feet high.(b) 2 Make horns for it on its four corners; the horns are to be of one piece.(c) Overlay it with bronze.(B) 3 Make its pots for removing ashes, and its shovels, basins, meat forks, and firepans; make all its utensils of bronze. 4 Construct a grate for it of bronze mesh, and make four bronze rings on the mesh at its four corners. 5 Set it below, under the altar’s ledge,(d) so that the mesh comes halfway up(e) the altar. 6 Then make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with bronze. 7 The poles are to be inserted into the rings so that the poles are on two sides of the altar when it is carried. 8 Construct the altar with boards so that it is hollow. They are to make it just as it was shown to you on the mountain.(C)
9 “You(D) are to make the courtyard for the tabernacle. Make the hangings on the south of the courtyard out of finely spun linen, 150 feet(f) long on that side. 10 There are to be 20 posts and 20 bronze bases. The hooks and bands(g) of the posts must be silver. 11 Then make the hangings on the north side 150 feet(h) long. There are to be 20 posts and 20 bronze bases. The hooks and bands(i) of the posts must be silver. 12 Make the hangings of the courtyard on the west side 75 feet(j) long, including their 10 posts and 10 bases. 13 Make the hangings of the courtyard on the east side toward the sunrise 75 feet.(k) 14 Make the hangings on one side of the gate 22½ feet,(l) including their three posts and their three bases. 15 And make the hangings on the other side 22½ feet,(m) including their three posts and their three bases. 16 The gate of the courtyard is to have a thirty-foot(n) screen(E) embroidered with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and finely spun linen. It is to have four posts including their four bases.
17 “All the posts around the courtyard are to be banded with silver and have silver hooks and bronze bases. 18 The length of the courtyard is to be 150 feet, the width 75 feet at each end, and the height 7½ feet,(o) all of it made of finely spun linen. The bases of the posts must be bronze. 19 All the tools of the tabernacle for every use and all its tent pegs as well as all the tent pegs of the courtyard are to be made of bronze.
The Lampstand Oil
20 “You are to command the Israelites to bring you pure oil from crushed olives for the light, in order to keep the lamp burning continually. 21 In the tent of meeting outside the veil that is in front of the testimony,(F) Aaron and his sons are to tend the lamp(G) from evening until morning before the Lord. This is to be a permanent statute(H) for the Israelites throughout their generations.
a. Exodus 27:1: Lit five cubits in length and five cubits in width
b. Exodus 27:1: Lit wide; and its height three cubits
c. Exodus 27:2: Lit piece with it
d. Exodus 27:5: Perhaps a ledge around the altar on which the priests could stand; Lv 9:22
e. Exodus 27:5: Or altar’s rim, so that the grid comes halfway down
f. Exodus 27:9: Lit 100 cubits
g. Exodus 27:10: Or connecting rods
h. Exodus 27:11: Lit 100 [cubits]
i. Exodus 27:11: Or connecting rods
j. Exodus 27:12: Lit 50 cubits
k. Exodus 27:13: Lit 50 cubits
l. Exodus 27:14: Lit 15 cubits
m. Exodus 27:15: Lit 15 [cubits]
n. Exodus 27:16: Lit twenty-cubit
o. Exodus 27:18: Lit be 100 by the cubit, and the width 50 by 50, and the height five cubits
E. Exodus 27:16: Exodus 35:17; Exodus 38:18; Exodus 39:40; Exodus 40:8; Exodus 40:33; Numbers 3:26; Numbers 4:26