Isaiah 48:4 Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow bronze;


Parallel Verses

King James 2000

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow bronze;

New American Standard Bible

"Because I know that you are obstinate, And your neck is an iron sinew And your forehead bronze,

King James Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Holman Bible

Because I know that you are stubborn, and your neck is iron and your forehead bronze,

International Standard Version

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and because your neck is an iron sinew, and your forehead is bronze,

A Conservative Version

Because I knew that thou are obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

American Standard Version

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Amplified

Because I knew that you were obstinate, and your neck was an iron sinew and your brow was brass,

Bible in Basic English

Because I saw that your heart was hard, and that your neck was an iron cord, and your brow brass;

Darby Translation

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

Jubilee 2000 Bible

Because I know that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow bronze;

Julia Smith Translation

From my knowledge that thou wert hard, and thy neck an iron sinew, and thy forehead of brass:

Lexham Expanded Bible

because {I know} that you [are] obstinate, and your neck an iron sinew, and your forehead bronze.

Modern King James verseion

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew and your brow bronze.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

Howbeit, I knew that thou art obstinate, and that thy neck hath an iron vein, and thy brow is of brass.

NET Bible

I did this because I know how stubborn you are. Your neck muscles are like iron and your forehead like bronze.

New Heart English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

The Emphasized Bible

Because I knew that - Obstinate, thou wast, - And, a sinew of iron, was thy neck, And thy brow, brazen,

Webster

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

World English Bible

Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

Youngs Literal Translation

From my knowing that thou art obstinate, And a sinew of iron thy neck, And thy forehead brass,

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
דּעת 
Da`ath 
Usage: 91

קשׁה 
Qasheh 
Usage: 36

and thy neck
ערף 
`oreph 
Usage: 35

is an iron
בּרזל 
Barzel 
Usage: 76

גּיד 
Giyd 
Usage: 7

and thy brow
מצח 
metsach 
Usage: 13

References

American

Easton

Fausets

Hastings

Morish

Context Readings

Yahweh Refines Stubborn Israel

3 I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I showed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass. 4  Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow bronze; 5 I have even from the beginning declared it to you; before it came to pass I showed it to you: lest you should say, my idol has done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, has commanded them.


Cross References

Exodus 32:9

And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiff-necked people:

Deuteronomy 31:27

For I know your rebellion, and your stubbornness: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, you have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death?

Acts 7:51

You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Spirit: as your fathers did, so do you.

2 Chronicles 36:13

And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart against turning unto the LORD God of Israel.

Proverbs 29:1

He, that being often reproved hardens his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

Exodus 33:3

Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of you; for you are a stiff-necked people: lest I consume you in the way.

Exodus 33:5

For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, you are a stiff-necked people: I will come up into the midst of you in a moment, and consume you: therefore now put off your ornaments from you, that I may know what to do unto you.

Deuteronomy 10:16

Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiff-necked.

2 Kings 17:14

Nevertheless they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God.

2 Chronicles 30:8

Now be you not stiff-necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves unto the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary, which he has sanctified forever: and serve the LORD your God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you.

Nehemiah 9:16-17

But they and our fathers acted presumptuously, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to your commandments,

Nehemiah 9:28

But after they had rest, they did evil again before you: therefore you left them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto you, you heard them from heaven; and many times did you deliver them according to your mercies;

Psalm 75:5

Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck.

Psalm 78:8

And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

Isaiah 46:12

Hearken unto me, you stubborn of heart, that are far from righteousness:

Jeremiah 3:3

Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there has been no latter rain; and you had a harlot's forehead, you refused to be ashamed.

Jeremiah 5:3

O LORD, are not your eyes upon the truth? you have stricken them, but they have not grieved; you have consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.

Jeremiah 7:26

Yet they hearkened not unto me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers.

Jeremiah 19:15

Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened their necks, that they might not hear my words.

Ezekiel 3:4-9

And he said unto me, Son of man, go, get unto the house of Israel, and speak with my words unto them.

Daniel 5:20

But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:

Zechariah 7:11-12

But they refused to hearken, and shrugged the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

Romans 2:5

But according to your hardness and unrepentant heart treasure up unto yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;

Hebrews 3:13

But exhort one another daily, while it is called Today; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.



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