Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Summary

And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgment.

Bible References

From the avenger

Numbers 35:19
The avenger of blood himself is to kill the murderer; when he finds him, he is to kill him.
Deuteronomy 19:6
Otherwise, the avenger of blood in the heat of his anger might pursue the one who committed manslaughter, overtake him because the distance is great, and strike him dead. Yet he did not deserve to die, since he did not previously hate his neighbor.
Joshua 20:3
so that a person who kills someone unintentionally or accidentally may flee there. These will be your refuge from the avenger of blood.
2 Samuel 14:7
Now the whole clan has risen up against your servant and said, ‘Hand over the one who killed his brother so we may put him to death for the life of the brother he murdered. We will destroy the heir!’ They would extinguish my one remaining ember by not preserving my husband’s name or posterity on earth.”

Until he stand

Numbers 35:24
the assembly is to judge between the slayer and the avenger of blood according to these ordinances.
Deuteronomy 19:11
But if someone hates his neighbor, lies in ambush for him, attacks him, and strikes him fatally, and flees to one of these cities,
Joshua 20:4
When someone flees to one of these cities, stands at the entrance of the city gate, and states his case before the elders of that city, they are to bring him into the city and give him a place to live among them.

General references

Numbers 35:19
The avenger of blood himself is to kill the murderer; when he finds him, he is to kill him.
Deuteronomy 4:42
Someone could flee there who committed manslaughter, killing his neighbor accidentally without previously hating him. He could flee to one of these cities and stay alive:
Joshua 20:5
And if the avenger of blood pursues him, they must not hand the one who committed manslaughter over to him, for he killed his neighbor accidentally and did not hate him beforehand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.