Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:
and your children will wander in the wilderness forty years and suffer for your unfaithfulness, until your dead bodies lie finished in the wilderness.
So the Lord's anger was kindled against the Israelites, and he made them wander in the wilderness for forty years, until all that generation that had done wickedly before the Lord was finished.
However, it was not until the first day of the eleventh month of the fortieth year that Moses addressed the Israelites just as the Lord had instructed him to do.
Now the length of time it took for us to go from Kadesh Barnea to the crossing of Wadi Zered was thirty-eight years, time for all the military men of that generation to die, just as the Lord had vowed to them.
"There your fathers tested me and tried me, and they saw my works for forty years.
Fearing the Lord is the beginning of moral knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
They do one act of violence after another, and one deceitful thing after another. They refuse to pay attention to me," says the Lord.
Now this is the basis for judging: that the light has come into the world and people loved the darkness rather than the light, because their deeds were evil.
And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what should not be done.
Yet they continued to sin against him, and rebelled against the sovereign One in the desert.