Parallel Verses

New American Standard Bible

without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;

King James Version

Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Holman Bible

undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, and unmerciful.

International Standard Version

foolish, faithless, heartless, and ruthless.

A Conservative Version

without understanding, untrustworthy, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful.

American Standard Version

without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:


without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful [without pity].

An Understandable Version

they do not have any sense; they do not keep their promises; they fail to show natural affection; and they are merciless.

Anderson New Testament

without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful;

Bible in Basic English

Without knowledge, not true to their undertakings, unkind, having no mercy:

Common New Testament

foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless.

Daniel Mace New Testament

fidelity, and natural affection; implacable, and unmerciful:

Darby Translation

void of understanding, faithless, without natural affection, unmerciful;

Godbey New Testament

covenant-breakers, incontinent, without natural affections, unmerciful,

Goodspeed New Testament

conscienceless, treacherous, unloving, and unpitying.

John Wesley New Testament

Without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful.

Julia Smith Translation

Destitute of understanding, unsteady, devoid of natural affection, implacable, merciless:

King James 2000

Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Lexham Expanded Bible

senseless, faithless, unfeeling, unmerciful,

Modern King James verseion

undiscerning, perfidious, without natural affection, unforgiving, unmerciful;

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

without understanding, covenant-breakers, unloving, truce-breakers, and merciless.

Moffatt New Testament

devoid of conscience, false to their word, callous, merciless;

Montgomery New Testament

They were without sense, without faith, without natural affection, without mercy.

NET Bible

senseless, covenant-breakers, heartless, ruthless.

New Heart English Bible

foolish, promise-breakers, heartless, unmerciful;

Noyes New Testament

senseless, faithless, without natural affection, without pity;

Sawyer New Testament

unintelligent, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful,

The Emphasized Bible

Without discernment, regardless of covenants, without natural affection, unmerciful: -

Thomas Haweis New Testament

unintelligent, unfaithful to engagements, unnatural, implacable, unmerciful:

Twentieth Century New Testament

They were undiscerning, untrustworthy, without natural affection or pity.


Without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Weymouth New Testament

faithless to their promises, without natural affection, without human pity.

Williams New Testament

conscienceless, treacherous, with no human love or pity.

World English Bible

without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, unforgiving, unmerciful;

Worrell New Testament

without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful;

Worsley New Testament

covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, and unmerciful:

Youngs Literal Translation

unintelligent, faithless, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful;


Root Form
Usage: 3

Usage: 1

Usage: 2

Usage: 2

Context Readings

God Hands Sinful Humanity Over To Depravity

30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.

Cross References

2 Timothy 3:3

unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good,

2 Kings 18:14-37

Then Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying, “I have done wrong. Withdraw from me; whatever you impose on me I will bear.” So the king of Assyria required of Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.

Proverbs 18:2

A fool does not delight in understanding,
But only in revealing his own mind.

Isaiah 27:11

When its limbs are dry, they are broken off;
Women come and make a fire with them,
For they are not a people of discernment,
Therefore their Maker will not have compassion on them.
And their Creator will not be gracious to them.

Isaiah 33:8

The highways are desolate, the traveler has ceased,
He has broken the covenant, he has despised the cities,
He has no regard for man.

Jeremiah 4:22

For My people are foolish,
They know Me not;
They are stupid children
And have no understanding.
They are shrewd to do evil,
But to do good they do not know.”

Matthew 15:16

Jesus said, “Are you still lacking in understanding also?

Romans 1:20-21

For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.

Romans 3:11

There is none who understands,
There is none who seeks for God;

Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.

New American Standard Bible Copyright ©1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. For Permission to Quote Information visit

NET Bible copyright © 1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. NetBible

Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain