Parallel Verses

Holman Bible

So then, He shows mercy to those He wants to, and He hardens those He wants to harden.

New American Standard Bible

So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.

King James Version

Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

International Standard Version

Therefore, God has mercy on whomever he chooses, and he hardens the heart of whomever he chooses.

A Conservative Version

So then he is merciful to whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

American Standard Version

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.

Amplified

So then He has mercy on whomever He wills (chooses) and He hardens (makes stubborn and unyielding the heart of) whomever He wills.

An Understandable Version

So then, God has pity on whomever He wants to, and He makes stubborn whomever He wants.

Anderson New Testament

Therefore, he has mercy on whom he wills to have mercy: and whom he wills to harden, he hardens.

Bible in Basic English

So then, at his pleasure he has mercy on a man, and at his pleasure he makes the heart hard.

Common New Testament

Therefore he has mercy on whom he wills, and he hardens the heart of whom he wills.

Daniel Mace New Testament

thus some he pursues with his favours, and abandons others to their obduracy, according as he thinks fit.

Darby Translation

So then, to whom he will he shews mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Godbey New Testament

Then therefore he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

Goodspeed New Testament

So he has mercy on anyone he pleases, and hardens the heart of anyone he pleases.

John Wesley New Testament

So then he hath mercy on whom he willeth, and whom he willeth, he hardneth.

Julia Smith Translation

Surely then, whom he will he commiserates, and whom he will he hardens.

King James 2000

Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Lexham Expanded Bible

Consequently therefore, he has mercy on whomever he wishes, and he hardens whomever he wishes.

Modern King James verseion

Therefore He has mercy on whom He will have mercy, and whom He will, He hardens.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

So hath he mercy on whom he will. And whom he will, he maketh hard hearted.

Moffatt New Testament

Thus God has mercy on anyone just as he pleases, and he makes anyone stubborn just as he pleases.

Montgomery New Testament

So then he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will, he hardens.

NET Bible

So then, God has mercy on whom he chooses to have mercy, and he hardens whom he chooses to harden.

New Heart English Bible

So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.

Noyes New Testament

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and hardeneth whom he will.

Sawyer New Testament

He therefore has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

The Emphasized Bible

Hence, then, - on whom he pleaseth, he hath mercy, and, whom he pleaseth, he doth harden.

Thomas Haweis New Testament

Well then, he hath mercy on whom he will, but whom he will he hardeneth.

Twentieth Century New Testament

So, then, where God wills, he takes pity, and where he wills, he hardens the heart.

Webster

Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

Weymouth New Testament

This is a proof that wherever He chooses He shows mercy, and wherever he chooses He hardens the heart.

Williams New Testament

So He has mercy on any man that He chooses to, and He hardens any man that He chooses to harden.

World English Bible

So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.

Worrell New Testament

So, then, He hath mercy on whom He willeth, and whom He willeth He hardeneth.

Worsley New Testament

So then He hath mercy on whom He pleaseth, and whom He will, He hardeneth.

Youngs Literal Translation

so, then, to whom He willeth, He doth kindness, and to whom He willeth, He doth harden.

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
οὖν 
Oun 
therefore, then, so, and, now, wherefore, but, not tr,
Usage: 417

hath he mercy on
ἐλεέω 
Eleeo 
Usage: 26

ὅς ἥ ὅ 
Hos 
ὅς ἥ ὅ 
Hos 
Usage: 980
Usage: 980

he will
θέλω ἐθέλω 
thelo 
θέλω ἐθέλω 
thelo 
will/would, will/would have, desire, desirous, list, to will,
will/would, will/would have, desire, desirous, list, to will,
Usage: 136
Usage: 136

have mercy, and
δέ 
De 
but, and, now, then, also, yet, yea, so, moreover, nevertheless, for, even, , not tr
Usage: 2184

Context Readings

God's Sovereign Choice To Show Mercy

17 For the Scripture tells Pharaoh:I raised you up for this reason
so that I may display My power in you
and that My name may be proclaimed in all the earth.
18 So then, He shows mercy to those He wants to, and He hardens those He wants to harden. 19 You will say to me, therefore, “Why then does He still find fault? For who can resist His will?”


Cross References

Exodus 4:21

The Lord instructed Moses, “When you go back to Egypt, make sure you do all the wonders before Pharaoh that I have put within your power. But I will harden his heart so that he won’t let the people go.

Deuteronomy 2:30

But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us travel through his land, for the Lord your God had made his spirit stubborn and his heart obstinate in order to hand him over to you, as has now taken place.

Joshua 11:20

For it was the Lord’s intention to harden their hearts, so that they would engage Israel in battle, be completely destroyed without mercy, and be annihilated, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Exodus 7:13

However, Pharaoh’s heart hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the Lord had said.

Isaiah 63:17

Why, Yahweh, do You make us stray from Your ways?
You harden our hearts so we do not fear You.
Return, because of Your servants,
the tribes of Your heritage.

Matthew 13:14-15

Isaiah’s prophecy is fulfilled in them, which says:You will listen and listen,
yet never understand;
and you will look and look,
yet never perceive.

Acts 28:26-28

when He said,Go to these people and say:
You will listen and listen,
yet never understand;
and you will look and look,
yet never perceive.

Romans 1:24-28

Therefore God delivered them over in the cravings of their hearts to sexual impurity, so that their bodies were degraded among themselves.

Romans 5:20-21

The law came along to multiply the trespass. But where sin multiplied, grace multiplied even more

Romans 9:15-16

For He tells Moses:I will show mercy
to whom I will show mercy,
and I will have compassion
on whom I will have compassion.

Romans 11:7-8

What then? Israel did not find what it was looking for, but the elect did find it. The rest were hardened,

Ephesians 1:6

to the praise of His glorious grace that He favored us with in the Beloved.

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12

and with every unrighteous deception among those who are perishing. They perish because they did not accept the love of the truth in order to be saved.

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Word Concordance

Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.

New American Standard Bible Copyright ©1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www.lockman.org

NET Bible copyright © 1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. NetBible

Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain