Parallel Verses

King James Version

Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

New American Standard Bible

So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.

Holman Bible

So then, He shows mercy to those He wants to, and He hardens those He wants to harden.

International Standard Version

Therefore, God has mercy on whomever he chooses, and he hardens the heart of whomever he chooses.

A Conservative Version

So then he is merciful to whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

American Standard Version

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.

Amplified

So then He has mercy on whomever He wills (chooses) and He hardens (makes stubborn and unyielding the heart of) whomever He wills.

An Understandable Version

So then, God has pity on whomever He wants to, and He makes stubborn whomever He wants.

Anderson New Testament

Therefore, he has mercy on whom he wills to have mercy: and whom he wills to harden, he hardens.

Bible in Basic English

So then, at his pleasure he has mercy on a man, and at his pleasure he makes the heart hard.

Common New Testament

Therefore he has mercy on whom he wills, and he hardens the heart of whom he wills.

Daniel Mace New Testament

thus some he pursues with his favours, and abandons others to their obduracy, according as he thinks fit.

Darby Translation

So then, to whom he will he shews mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Godbey New Testament

Then therefore he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

Goodspeed New Testament

So he has mercy on anyone he pleases, and hardens the heart of anyone he pleases.

John Wesley New Testament

So then he hath mercy on whom he willeth, and whom he willeth, he hardneth.

Julia Smith Translation

Surely then, whom he will he commiserates, and whom he will he hardens.

King James 2000

Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Lexham Expanded Bible

Consequently therefore, he has mercy on whomever he wishes, and he hardens whomever he wishes.

Modern King James verseion

Therefore He has mercy on whom He will have mercy, and whom He will, He hardens.

Modern Spelling Tyndale-Coverdale

So hath he mercy on whom he will. And whom he will, he maketh hard hearted.

Moffatt New Testament

Thus God has mercy on anyone just as he pleases, and he makes anyone stubborn just as he pleases.

Montgomery New Testament

So then he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will, he hardens.

NET Bible

So then, God has mercy on whom he chooses to have mercy, and he hardens whom he chooses to harden.

New Heart English Bible

So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.

Noyes New Testament

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and hardeneth whom he will.

Sawyer New Testament

He therefore has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.

The Emphasized Bible

Hence, then, - on whom he pleaseth, he hath mercy, and, whom he pleaseth, he doth harden.

Thomas Haweis New Testament

Well then, he hath mercy on whom he will, but whom he will he hardeneth.

Twentieth Century New Testament

So, then, where God wills, he takes pity, and where he wills, he hardens the heart.

Webster

Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

Weymouth New Testament

This is a proof that wherever He chooses He shows mercy, and wherever he chooses He hardens the heart.

Williams New Testament

So He has mercy on any man that He chooses to, and He hardens any man that He chooses to harden.

World English Bible

So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.

Worrell New Testament

So, then, He hath mercy on whom He willeth, and whom He willeth He hardeneth.

Worsley New Testament

So then He hath mercy on whom He pleaseth, and whom He will, He hardeneth.

Youngs Literal Translation

so, then, to whom He willeth, He doth kindness, and to whom He willeth, He doth harden.

Interlinear

English(KJV)
Strong's
Root Form
Definition
Usage
οὖν 
Oun 
therefore, then, so, and, now, wherefore, but, not tr,
Usage: 417

hath he mercy on
ἐλεέω 
Eleeo 
Usage: 26

ὅς ἥ ὅ 
Hos 
ὅς ἥ ὅ 
Hos 
Usage: 980
Usage: 980

he will
θέλω ἐθέλω 
thelo 
θέλω ἐθέλω 
thelo 
will/would, will/would have, desire, desirous, list, to will,
will/would, will/would have, desire, desirous, list, to will,
Usage: 136
Usage: 136

have mercy, and
δέ 
De 
but, and, now, then, also, yet, yea, so, moreover, nevertheless, for, even, , not tr
Usage: 2184

Context Readings

God's Sovereign Choice To Show Mercy

17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. 18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. 19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?


Cross References

Exodus 4:21

And the LORD said unto Moses, When thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go.

Deuteronomy 2:30

But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day.

Joshua 11:20

For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Exodus 7:13

And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

Isaiah 63:17

O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.

Matthew 13:14-15

And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:

Acts 28:26-28

Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive:

Romans 1:24-28

Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

Romans 5:20-21

Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

Romans 9:15-16

For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

Romans 11:7-8

What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded

Ephesians 1:6

To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12

And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

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Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers.

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Basic English, produced by Mr C. K. Ogden of the Orthological Institute - public domain