2. An aged and wealthy Gileadite, a friend of David when he was in exile during Absalom's rebellion. He sent a liberal supply of provisions, beds, and other conveniences for the use of the king's followers, 2Sa 17:27; 19:32/. On David's return, Barzillai accompanied him as far as Jordan, but declined, in consequence of his great age, to proceed to Jerusalem, and receive the favors the king had intended for him. David, in his final charge to Solomon, enjoined upon him to show kindness to Barzillai's family, and to make them members of the royal household, 1Ki 2:7.
(1.) A Meholathite, the father of Adriel (2Sa 21:8).
(2.) A Gileadite of Rogelim who was distinguished for his loyalty to David. He liberally provided for the king's followers (2Sa 17:27). David on his death-bed, remembering his kindness, commended Barzillai's children to the care of Solomon (1Ki 2:7).
(3.) A priest who married a daughter of the preceding (Ezr 2:61).
("iron".) A Gileadite chief. of Rogelim, whose friendship David probably made during his flight from Saul in that trans-Jordanic region. He ministered disinterestedly, sympathizingly, and liberally, to David's wants during the whole time of his stay at, Mahanaim in his flight from Absalom (2Sa 17:27-29; 19:32-40). David in prosperity did not forget the friend of his adversity: "Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with me in Jerusalem." But Barzillai was unmercenary, and sought his reward simply in having done his duty.
Instead of grasping at honors and favors at court, he remembers his age, fourscore, "How long have I to live, that I should go P" and prefers to die among his own people, independent though in less grandeur. In the father's stead Chimham and other sons of his shared David's favor, and were commended by him to Solomon (1Ki 2:7). Chimham's name appears ages subsequently in Jeremiah's time, "the habitation of Chimham by Bethlehem" being the gift of David to him out of his own patrimony, and bearing that name to late generations: an undesigned coincidence and mark of truth (Jer 41:17). (See BETHLEHEM.)
1. The name of a chieftain of Gilead who brought supplies to David and his army at Mahanaim (2Sa 17:27 ff.). After the death of Absalom, Barzillai went across Jordan with the king, but declined to go to court (2Sa 19:31 ff.). On his deathbed David charged Solomon to 'shew kindness to the sons of Barzillai' (1Ki 2:7). His descendants are mentioned in Ezr 2:51; Ne 7:63,2. The Meholathite whose son Adriel is said (2Sa 21:8) to have married Michal [read Merab, cf. 1Sa 18:19], the daughter of Saul.
J. G. Tasker.
1. Gileadite of Rogelim, who liberally supplied David with provisions when he fled from Absalom. For his faithful services David invited him to return with him to Jerusalem; but being 80 years old he pleaded his great age and declined the honour, but requested that Chimham might go in his stead. 2Sa 17:27; 19:31-39; 1Ki 2:7.
2. Meholathite, father of Adriel. 2Sa 21:8.
(iron, i.e., strong).
1. A wealthy Gileadite who showed hospitality to David when he fled form Absalom.
(B.C. 1023.) He declined the king's offer of ending his days at court.
2. A Meholathite, whose son Adriel married Michal, Saul's daughter.
(B.C. before 1062.)
3. Son-in-law to Barzillai the Gileadite.
(B.C. before 536.)