2. A city in the south of Judah, Jos 15:23.
3. A city in Issachar, 1Ch 6:72.
sanctuary. (1.) A place in the extreme south of Judah (Jos 15:23). Probably the same as Kadesh-barnea (q.v.).
(2.) A city of Issachar (1Ch 6:72). Possibly Tell Abu Kadeis, near Lejjun.
(3.) A "fenced city" of Naphtali, one of the cities of refuge (Jos 19:37; Jg 4:6). It was assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Jos 21:32). It was originally a Canaanite royal city (Jos 12:22), and was the residence of Barak (Jg 4:6); and here he and Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the commencement of the conflict with Sisera in the plain of Esdraelon, "for Jehovah among the mighty" (9, 10). In the reign of Pekah it was taken by Tiglath-Pileser (2Ki 15:29). It was situated near the "plain" (rather "the oak") of Zaanaim, and has been identified with the modern Kedes, on the hills fully four miles north-west of Lake El Huleh.
It has been supposed by some that the Kedesh of the narrative, where Barak assembled his troops, was not the place in Upper Galilee so named, which was 30 miles distant from the plain of Esdraelon, but Kedish, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, 12 miles from Tabor.
1. A town in Judah's extreme S. (Jos 15:23). ("sanctuary".)
3. Kedesh Naphtali, or Kedesh in Galilee (Jos 19:37), a Levitical city of refuge assigned to the Gershonite Levites (Jos 20:7). Barak's birthplace (Jg 4:6,9-10), where he and Deborah assembled Zebulun and Naphtali as being a "holy" place, which Kedesh means. Kedesh Naphtali is now Kades at the western edge of Huleh, the marshy basin through which Jordan passes into the sea of Merom, from which Kedesh lies N.W. four miles distant. Its site is on a high ridge jutting out from the western hills, well watered, and environed by plains well cultivated and peopled. Conder (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, January, 1877, p. 25) conjectures that the Kedesh to which Barak called Israel together is distinct from Kadesh (or Kedesh) Naphtali, Barak's native place.
For Kadesh Naphtali is 30 miles from Tabor, the scene of the battle, and separated by some of the most difficult country in Palestine. Probably Bezanaim was E. of Tabor, and answers to the modern Bessum. Harosheth of the Gentiles will thus be Harothiyeh. In this direction probably stood Kedesh, at the place now called Kadis, on the shore of the sea of Galilee. Taken by Tiglath Pileser (2Ki 15:29). Tell Hara, standing out prominently to the S.E., is connected by Lieut. Kitchener with Harosheth the head quarters of Sisera (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, October, 1877, p. 197).
1. A city in the south of Judah (Jos 15:23) whose site is uncertain. It is probably to be distinguished from Kadesh-barnea. 2. A city in Issachar (1Ch 6:72), where, however, Kedesh is not improbably a textual error for Kishion of the parallel passage (Jos 21:28). 3. See next article.
1. City in the extreme south of Judah. Jos 15:23. Supposed by some to refer to Kadesh-barnea.
3. City in Naphtali, allotted to the Levites, and a city of refuge. Jos 12:22; 19:37; 20:7; 21:32; 2Ki 15:29; 1Ch 6:76. Called KEDESH-NAPHTALI in Jg 4:6. Identified with ruins at Kades, 33 7' N, 35 32' E. It has been supposed that Barak assembled his army, not at Kedesh in Naphtali, but somewhere nearer to Mount Tabor and to the river Kishon, where Sisera had his troops. Jg 4:10-13. It was possibly at Kadish, 32 44' N, 35 33' E.
1. In the extreme south of Judah,
same as Kadesh and Kadesh-barnea.
2. A city of Issachar, allotted to the Gershonite Levites.
The Kadesh mentioned among the cities whose kings were slain by Joshua,
in company with Megiddo and Jokneam of Carmel, would seem to have been this city of Issachar.
3. Kedesh; also Kedesh in Galilee; and once,
Kedesh-naphtali, one of the fortified cities of the tribe of Naphtali, named between Hazor and Edrei,
appointed as a city of refuge, and allotted with its "suburbs" to the Gershonite Levites.
It was the residence of Barak,
and there he and Deborah assembled the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali before the conflict, being probably, as its name implies, a "holy place" of great antiquity. It was taken by Tiglath-pileser in the reign of Pekah.
It is identified with the village Kades, which lies four miles to the northwest of the upper part of the Sea of Merom.