A son of Shem, Ge 10:22, and ancestor, it is thought, of the Lydians in Asia Minor.
Fourth of Shem's children (Ge 10:22). The Lydians of western Asia Minor (say some), whose manners and whose names were Semitic. But the geographic position is against this. Moses would not abruptly pass to the distant W. from the E., and then back to the S.E.; if the Lydians of western Asia were meant, the order would have been Elam, Asshur (Arphaxad), Aram, Lud; not Elam, Asshur (Arphaxad), Lud, Aram. Lud is to be looked for between Assyria and Syria. The Ruten or Luden of the Egyptian monuments, dwelling N. of Palestine, near Mesopotamia and Assyria. They warred with the Pharaohs of the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries B.C., under one of whom Moses lived (G. Rawlinson). The Luden may have migrated to western Asia at a later period. Thus, Lud will be the original stock of the Lydians.