breach, the elder of the twin sons of Judah (Ge 38:29). From him the royal line of David sprang (Ru 4:18-22). "The chief of all the captains of the host" was of the children of Perez (1Ch 27:3; Mt 1:3).
PEREZ "breach" because he broke forth from the womb before his twin brother Zarah who had first put out his hand. Son of Judah and Tamar his daughter in law (Mt 1:3; Lu 3:33; Ge 38:29). His house retained the primogeniture; it was famous for being prolific, so as to pass into a proverb (Ru 4:12,18-22). After the deaths of Er and Onan childless, Pharez took the rank of Judah's son, next after Shelah. His sons Hezron and Hamul became heads of two new chief houses. Hezron was forefather of David and Messiah. Caleb's house too was incorporated into Hezron's.
Under David "the chief of all the captains of the host for the first month was of the children of Pharez" (1Ch 27:2-3), famed for valor (1Ch 11:11. (See JASHOBEAM.) 2Sa 23:8). Hezron married a second time Muchir's daughter; so one line of Pharez's descendents reckoned as sons of Manasseh. Pharez's house was the greatest of the houses of Judah; 468 valiant men of the children of Pharez alone of Judah dwelt in Jerusalem (Ne 11:3-6; 1Ch 9:3-6) after the return from Babylon.
Mt 1:3; Lu 3:33
1 Esd. 5:6), twin son, with Zarah or Zerah, of Judah and Tamer his daughter-in-law. (B.C. 1730.) The circumstances of his birth are detailed in Gen. 38. Pharez occupied the rank of Judah's second son, and from two of his sons sprang two new chief houses, those of the Hezronites and Hamulites. From Hezron's second son Ram, or Aram, sprang David and the kings of Judah, and eventually Jesus Christ. In the reign of David the house of Pharez seems to have been eminently distinguished.