A cluster of seven stars in the neck of Taurus, or the Bull, one of the twelve signs of the zodiac. The sun enters Taurus about the middle of April; and the appearance of the Pleiades, therefore, marks the return of spring, Job 9:9; 38:31; Am 5:8.
kimah. Am 5:8; Job 9:9; 38:31; literally, "the heap (Arabic knot) of stars." "Canst thou bind (is it thou that bindest) the sweet influences (the Pleiades rise in joyous spring, ma'adanot; but Gesenius, transposing ma'anadoth, translated "bands") of Pleiades?" Madler of Dorpat discovered that the whole solar system is moving forward round Alcyone, the brightest star in Pleiades. The Pleiades are "bound" together with such amazing attractive energy that they draw our whole planetary system and sun round them at the rate of 422,000 miles a day in the orbit which will take thousands of years before completion.
kimah. The Hebrew signifies lit. 'a heap or collection.' Being named with Arcturus and Orion, it doubtless refers to the group of stars that still bear the name Pleiades. Job 9:9; 38:31. The same Hebrew word is translated SEVEN STARS in Am 5:8. There are many stars in the group, but seven are visible to the naked eye. Job 38:31 is better translated, "Canst thou fasten the bands of the Pleiades, or loosen the cords of Orion?"
The Hebrew word (cimah) so rendered occurs in
In the last passage our Authorized Version has "the seven stars," although the Geneva version translates the word "Pleiades" as in the other cases. The Pleiades are a group of stars situated on the shoulder of the constellation Taurus. The rendering "sweet influences" of the Authorized Version,
is a relic of the lingering belief in the power which the stars exerted over human destiny. But Schaff thinks the phrase arose from the fact that the Pleiades appear about the middle of April, and hence are associated with the return of spring, the season of sweet influences.