Parts of Speech

n m

Root Word (Etymology)

from 746 and 2409

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: TDNT 3:265

KJV Translation Count — 123x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: chief priest (64), high priest (58), chief of the priest (1)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. chief priest, high priest
He above all others was honoured with the title of priest, the chief of priests. It was lawful for him to perform the common duties of the priesthood; but his chief duty was, once a year on the day of atonement, to enter into the Holy of Holies (from which the other priests were excluded) and offer sacrifices for his own sins and the sins of the people, and to preside over the Sanhedrin, or Supreme Council, when convened for judicial deliberations. According to Mosaic law, no one could aspire to the high priesthood unless he were of the tribe of Aaron and descended from a high priestly family; and he on whom the office was conferred held it till death. But from the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, when the kings of Seleucideae and afterwards the Herodian princes and the Romans arrogated to themselves the power of appointing the high priests, the office neither remained vested in the pontifical family nor was conferred on any for life; but it became venal, and could be transferred from one to another according to the will of civic or military rulers. Hence it came to pass, that during the one hundred and seven years intervening between Herod the Great and the destruction of the holy city, twenty eight persons held the pontifical dignity. 2a the high priests, these comprise in addition to one holding the high priestly office, both those who had previously discharged it and although disposed, continued to have great power in the State, as well as the members of the families from which high priest were created, provided that they had much influence in public affairs. 3a Used of Christ because by undergoing a bloody death he offered himself as an expiatory sacrifice to God, and has entered into the heavenly sanctuary where he continually intercedes on our behalf.

Strong's Definitions

ar-khee-er-yuce'; from (746) (ἀρχή) and (2409) (ἱερεύς); the high-priest (literal of the Jews, typical Christ); by extension a chief priest: — chief (high) priest, chief of the priests.

Concordance Results Using KJV

And when he had gaG749red all G749 G749 G749s and scribes G749 G749 people togeG749r, he demanded G749 G749m where Christ should be born.


From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things G749 G749 elders and G749 G749s and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again G749 third day.


Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and G749 Son G749 man shall be betrayed unto G749 G749 G749s and unto G749 scribes, and G749y shall condemn him to death,


And when G749 G749 G749s and scribes saw G749 wonderful things that he did, and G749 children crying in G749 temple, and saying, Hosanna to G749 Son G749 David; G749y were sore displeased,


And when he was come into G749 temple, G749 G749 G749s and G749 elders G749 G749 people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou G749se things? and who gave G749e this authority?


And when G749 G749 G749s and Pharisees had heard his parables, G749y perceived that he spake G749 G749m.


G749n assembled togeG749r G749 G749 G749s, and G749 scribes, and G749 elders G749 G749 people, unto G749 palace G749 G749 G749 G749, who was called Caiaphas,


G749n one G749 G749 twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto G749 G749 G749s,


And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one G749 G749 twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from G749 G749 G749s and elders G749 G749 people.


And, behold, one G749 G749m which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant G749 G749 G749 G749's, and smote G749f his ear.