Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 749, 750, 751

KJV Translation Count — 41x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: reproach (27), defy (8), betrothed (1), blasphemed (1), jeoparded (1), rail (1), upbraid (1), winter (1)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. to reproach, taunt, blaspheme, defy, jeopardise, rail, upbraid
a. (Qal) to reproach
b. (Piel) to reproach, defy, taunt
2. (Qal) to winter, spend harvest time, remain in harvest time
3. (Niphal) to acquire, be betrothed

Strong's Definitions

charaph., khaw-raf'; a primitive root; to pull off, i.e. (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically, to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively, to carp at, i.e. defame; denominative (from 2779) to spend the winter: — betroth, blaspheme, defy, jeopard, rail, reproach, upbraid.

Concordance Results Using KJV

And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, H2778 to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.


Zebulun and Naphtali were a people that H2778 their lives unto the death in the high places of the field.


And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did H2778 me, saying, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thy men that are weary?


And the Philistine said, I H2778 the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.


And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to H2778 Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.


And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the H2778 from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should H2778 the armies of the living God?


Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.


Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.


And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea the brother of David slew him.


And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:


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