Thematic Bible

Romans 4:1 (show verse)

What should we say then [about what] our forefather Abraham discovered?

Romans 4:2 (show verse)

For if Abraham had been made right with God by doing good deeds he would have had something to boast about, but not in God's presence.

Romans 4:3 (show verse)

For what does the Scripture say? [Gen. 15:6 says], "And Abraham believed God, so God considered him righteous."

Romans 4:4 (show verse)

Now wages are not considered a gift if the person has to work for them, but [rather] an obligation [of his employer].

Romans 4:5 (show verse)

But to the person who believes in God, who makes ungodly people right with Himself apart from doing good deeds, that person's faith is considered by God [as the basis] for being righteous.

Romans 4:6 (show verse)

Even King David also spoke of the blessing experienced by the person who was considered righteous by God apart from doing good deeds.

Romans 4:7 (show verse)

He said [Psa. 32:1ff], "Those people whose ungodly deeds are forgiven [by God] and whose sins are covered over, are [truly] blessed.

Romans 4:8 (show verse)

That person whose sin will not be held against him by the Lord is [truly] blessed."

Romans 4:9 (show verse)

Is this blessing experienced by the circumcised ones [i.e., the Jews only] or by the uncircumcised ones [i.e., the Gentiles] also? We are saying, "Abraham's faith was credited to him for righteousness."

Romans 4:10 (show verse)

[But] when was he given credit [i.e., for being righteous]? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was before he was circumcised, not afterward.

Romans 4:11 (show verse)

He received the sign of circumcision as a seal [confirming] that he had been [considered] righteous because of the faith he had before being circumcised. Thus, he became the [spiritual] father of all people who believe [in God], even though they have not been circumcised, so that they could be considered righteous [by their faith].

Romans 4:12 (show verse)

And he also became the father of circumcised people [i.e., the Jews], who are not only circumcised, but who also follow the [same] example of faith [in God] which our forefather Abraham had before he was circumcised.

Romans 4:13 (show verse)

For it was not through [obedience to] law [See 3:31] that the promise to Abraham or his descendants of inheriting [the best of] the world [was made], but through their being considered righteous because of faith [in God].

Romans 4:14 (show verse)

For if [only] those who are obedient to the law deserve an inheritance, [then their] faith [in God] is for nothing, and God's promise is nullified.

Romans 4:15 (show verse)

For the law brings [God's] wrath [i.e., because of man's failure to obey it perfectly], but where there is no law, there is no [responsibility for] sin.

Romans 4:16 (show verse)

For this reason, the promise [i.e., of being made right with God] comes through faith [in God], according to His unearned favor, so that it may be [given] with certainty to all of Abraham's descendants. The promise is given not only to those [who live] under the law [i.e., the Jews], but also to [all] those [who live] by faith, like Abraham. Abraham is the [spiritual] father of all of us [believers],

Romans 4:17 (show verse)

just as it is written [Gen. 17:5], "I [i.e., God] have made you [i.e., Abraham] forefather of many nations." He received this promise in the presence of God, in whom he believed, and who gives life [back] to dead people and who refers to things [promised] as though they were [already] fulfilled.

Romans 4:18 (show verse)

Abraham hoped for what he believed [God had promised], even when there seemed little hope [of it happening], so this made him forefather of many nations, according to the words spoken to him [Gen. 15:5], "Your descendants will be many."

Romans 4:19 (show verse)

Abraham's faith did not become weak [even though] he was about one hundred years old and considered his body almost dead and Sarah's womb incapable of conceiving a child.

Romans 4:20 (show verse)

Yet he looked for the promise of God [to be fulfilled] and did not waver, doubting [that it would happen], but his faith strengthened him. He honored God

Romans 4:21 (show verse)

and was fully convinced that what He had promised, He was able to carry out.

Romans 4:22 (show verse)

So therefore, God considered him righteous [i.e., because of such faith].

Romans 4:23 (show verse)

Now the words "considered righteous [by God]" were not written for his sake only,

Romans 4:24 (show verse)

but they were written for our sake also, who will be considered righteous by God for believing in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead.

Romans 4:25 (show verse)

[This] Jesus was delivered up [to die] for our sins and was raised [from the dead] to make us right with God.