See to it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Christ.
O Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you, avoiding worldly and empty chatter and the opposing arguments of what is falsely called “knowledge”—
So also we, while we were children, were held in bondage under the elemental things of the world.
Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of these things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience.
If you have died with Christ to the elementary principles of the world, why, as if you were living in the world, do you submit yourself to decrees, such as,
then watch yourself, that you do not forget the Lord who brought you from the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
“ Catch the foxes for us, The little foxes that are ruining the vineyards, While our vineyards are in blossom.”
For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘Do not let your prophets who are in your midst and your diviners deceive you, and do not listen to the dreams which they dream.
“Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves.
But beware of men, for they will hand you over to the courts and scourge you in their synagogues;
“Why do Your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread.”
And Jesus said to them, “Watch out and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
(For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they carefully wash their hands, thus observing the traditions of the elders;
And also some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers were conversing with him. Some were saying, “What would this idle babbler wish to say?” Others, “He seems to be a proclaimer of strange deities,”—because he was preaching Jesus and the resurrection.
Now when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some began to sneer, but others said, “We shall hear you again concerning this.”
For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
Now I urge you, brethren, keep your eye on those who cause dissensions and hindrances contrary to the teaching which you learned, and turn away from them.
For it is written, “ I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, And the cleverness of the clever I will set aside.”
Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you thinks that he is wise in this age, he must become foolish, so that he may become wise.
But someone will say, “How are the dead raised? And with what kind of body do they come?”
We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ,
and I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries among my countrymen, being more extremely zealous for my ancestral traditions.
But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again?
in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.
But you did not learn Christ in this way,
Beware of the dogs, beware of the evil workers, beware of the false circumcision;
Let no one keep defrauding you of your prize by delighting in self-abasement and the worship of the angels, taking his stand on visions he has seen, inflated without cause by his fleshly mind,
(which all refer to things destined to perish with use)—in accordance with the commandments and teachings of men?
and their talk will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus,
But evil men and impostors will proceed from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.
Do not be carried away by varied and strange teachings; for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not by foods, through which those who were so occupied were not benefited.
knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers,
You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, be on your guard so that you are not carried away by the error of unprincipled men and fall from your own steadfastness,
Watch yourselves, that you do not lose what we have accomplished, but that you may receive a full reward.