second son of Shem (Ge 10:22; 1Ch 1:17). He went from the land of Shinar and built Nineveh, etc. (Ge 10:11-12). He probably gave his name to Assyria, which is the usual translation of the word, although the form Asshur is sometimes retained (24/22/type/ylt'>Nu 24:22,24; Eze 27:23, etc.). In Ge 2:14 "Assyria" ought to be "Asshur," which was the original capital of Assyria, a city represented by the mounds of Kalah Sherghat, on the west bank of the Tigris. This city was founded by Bel-kap-kapu about B.C. 1700. At a later date the capital was shifted to Ninua, or Nineveh, now Koyunjik, on the eastern bank of the river. (See Calah; Nineveh.)
In Ge 10:11 it would appear from the A.V. that a son of Ham named Asshur built Nineveh; and then in Ge 10:22 and 1Ch 1:17 Asshur is named as the son of Shem. But in the margin of ver. 11 it reads that "he went out into Assyria," that is, Nimrod went forth into Asshur or Assyria (the Hebrew is the same). This is confirmed by Mic 5:6, where Assyria and Nimrod are associated together. Assyria is traced to Asshur or Assur, a son of Shem. Nimrod came afterwards and may have subdued the country, but with what result is not shown.