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Reference: Calamus




the Latin for cane, Hebrew Kaneh, mentioned (Ex 30:23) as one of the ingredients in the holy anointing oil, one of the sweet scents (Song 4:14), and among the articles sold in the markets of Tyre (Eze 27:19). The word designates an Oriental plant called the "sweet flag," the Acorus calamus of Linnaeus. It is elsewhere called "sweet cane" (Isa 43:24; Jer 6:20). It has an aromatic smell, and when its knotted stalk is cut and dried and reduced to powder, it forms an ingredient in the most precious perfumes. It was not a native of Palestine, but was imported from Arabia Felix or from India. It was probably that which is now known in India by the name of "lemon grass" or "ginger grass," the Andropogon schoenanthus. (See Cane.)

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(Ex 30:23). An ingredient in the holy anointing oil (Song 4:14; Eze 27:19), an import to Tyre. Aromatic cane: an Indian and Arabian plant. TheAcorus Calamus (Isa 43:24; Jer 6:20), "sweet cane." A scented cane is said to have been found in a valley of Lebanon, reedlike, much jointed, and very fragrant when bruised.

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The word is qaneh, and is often translated 'reed.' It was one of the ingredients of the holy anointing oil. Ex 30:23. It is mentioned among a list of spices and was brought to the market of Tyre. Cant. 4:14; Eze 27:19. It is the calamus odoratus, a reed growing in India and Arabia, and which is said to have been found in the valley of Lebanon. It has a fragrant smell, and when dried and pounded forms a valuable ingredient for rich perfumes.

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See Reed


CALAMUS, ??? Ex 30:23; Song 4:14; Isa 43:24; Jer 6:20; Eze 27:19. An aromatic reed, growing in moist places in Egypt, in Judea near lake Genezareth, and in several parts of Syria. It grows to about two feet in height; bearing from the root a knotted stalk, quite round, containing in its cavity a soft white pith. The whole is of an agreeable aromatic smell; and the plant is said to scent the air with a fragrance even while growing. When cut down, dried, and powdered; it makes an ingredient in the richest perfumes. It was used for this purpose by the Jews.

CALAMUS SCRIPTORIUS, a reed answering the purpose of a pen to write with. The ancients used styles, to write on tablets covered with wax; but reeds, to write on parchment or papyrus. The Psalmist says, "My tongue is the pen of a ready writer," Ps 45:1. The Hebrew signifies rather a style. The third book of Maccabees states, that the writers employed in making a list of the Jews in Egypt, produced their reeds quite worn out. Baruch wrote his prophecies with ink, Jer 36:4; and, consequently, used reeds; for it does not appear that quills were then used to write with. In 3Jo 1:13, the Apostle says, he did not design to write with pen (reed) and ink. The Arabians, Persians, Turks, Greeks, and Armenians, to this day, write with reeds or rushes.

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