a vehicle moving on wheels, and usually drawn by oxen (2Sa 6:3). The Hebrew word thus rendered, 'agalah (1Sa 6:7-8), is also rendered "wagon" (Ge 45:19). It is used also to denote a war-chariot (Ps 46:9). Carts were used for the removal of the ark and its sacred utensils (Nu 7:3,6). After retaining the ark amongst them for seven months, the Philistines sent it back to the Israelites. On this occasion they set it in a new cart, probably a rude construction, with solid wooden wheels like that still used in Western Asia, which was drawn by two milch cows, which conveyed it straight to Beth-shemesh.
Illustration: Oriental Ox-Cart
A "cart rope," for the purpose of fastening loads on carts, is used (Isa 5:18) as a symbol of the power of sinful pleasures or habits over him who indulges them. (See Cord.) In Syria and Palestine wheel-carriages for any other purpose than the conveyance of agricultural produce are almost unknown.
The vehicle on which the Philistines sent back the Ark. David in error also used a 'new cart' to fetch it from Gibeah: a human arrangement which displeased the Lord. 1 Sam. 6; 2Sa 6:3. The same word, agalah, is translated 'wagons,' which were sent from Egypt to bring Jacob and his family, Ge 45:19; and used for the carrying of parts of the tabernacle, Nu 7:3, where they are called 'covered wagons,' but which some prefer to call 'litter-wagons.' On the Egyptian and Ninevite monuments many carts are portrayed with two wheels, and some of the wheels were made with spokes.
a vehicle drawn by cattle,
to be distinguished from the chariot drawn by horses. Carts and wagons were either open or covered,
and were used for conveyance of person,
The only cart used in western Asia has two wheels of solid wood.