1. An Amorite prince near Hebron, who joined Abraham in Pursuing the eastern host who had ravaged Sodom and taken Lot captive, Ge 14:13-14.
2. The small and well-watered valley from which the Hebrew spies obtained the specimen of grapes, which they suspended from a staff borne by two men for safe carriage to Moses, Nu 13:22-27; 32:9; De 1:24. This valley is believed to be one which closely adjoins Hebron on the north, and still furnishes the finest grapes in the country, as well as pomegranates, figs, olives etc.
(2.) A valley in which the spies obtained a fine cluster of grapes (Nu 13:23-24; "the brook Eshcol," A.V.; "the valley of Eshcol," R.V.), which they took back with them to the camp of Israel as a specimen of the fruits of the Promised Land. On their way back they explored the route which led into the south (the Negeb) by the western edge of the mountains at Telilat el-'Anab, i.e., "grape-mounds", near Beersheba. "In one of these extensive valleys, perhaps in Wady Hanein, where miles of grape-mounds even now meet the eye, they cut the gigantic clusters of grapes, and gathered the pomegranates and figs, to show how goodly was the land which the Lord had promised for their inheritance.", Palmer's Desert of the Exodus.
2. Valley or Eshcol. A wady in southern Canaan, somewhere in the vinebearing district (miles of hill sides and valleys covered with small stone heaps for training vines) between Hebron (Ge 13:18; 14:13) and Kadesh, but nearer Kadesh (Ain-el-Gadis) on the northern frontier of the peninsula, the Negeb or the "south." From Kadesh the spies went and returned with grapes of Eshcol, which cannot be near Hebron, for grapes could not well be brought such a distance as that between Hebron and Kadesh, and the spies would court secrecy and haste (Nu 13:24). The Amorite chief's name originated the designation of the valley Eshcol, which Israel afterward interpreted in the suitable sense cluster. Most identify Eshcol with the rich valley N. of Hebron, described by Robinson as producing the largest grapes in Palestine, where a fount is still called Ain Eskaly (Van de Velde).
1. The brother of Mamre and Aner, the Amorite confederates of Abraham, who assisted the patriarch in his pursuit and defeat of Chedorlaomer's forces (Ge 14:13,24). He lived in the neighbourhood of Hebron (Ge 13:18); and possibly gave his name to the valley of Eshcol, which lay a little to the N. of Hebron (Nu 13:23). 2. A wady, with vineyards and pomegranates, apparently near Hebron (Nu 13:23-24; 32:9; De 1:24). Eshcol is usually rendered 'bunch of grapes.' The name has not been recovered.
Eshcol, Esh'col Yalley of.
Called both a brook and a valley because the one ran in the other, now called a Wady, which are very numerous in Palestine. It was near Hebron, the place explored by the spies, and from whence they carried the huge bunch of grapes. Nu 13:23-24; 32:9; De 1:24. In the district around Beersheba there are still miles of grape vines.
(cluster of grapes), brother of Mamre the Amorite and of Aner, and one of Abraham's companions in his pursuit of the four kings who had carried off Lot.
ESHCOL, one of Abraham's allies, who dwelt with him in the valley of Mamre, and accompanied him in the pursuit of Chedorlaomer, and the other confederated kings, who pillaged Sodom and Gomorrah, and carried away Lot, Abraham's nephew, Ge 14:24. Also the valley or brook of Eshcol was that in which the Hebrew messengers, who went to spy the land of Canaan, cut a bunch of grapes so large that it was as much as two men could carry. It was situated in the south part of Judah, Nu 13:24; 32:9.