1. The eldest son of Terah, brother of Abraham, and father of Lot, Milcah, and Iscah. He died before his father Terah, Ge 11:26-31.
2. An ancient city called in the New Testament Charran, in the northwest part of Mesopotamia. Here, after leaving Ur, Abraham dwelt till is father Terah died; and to this old homestead Isaac sent for a wife, and Jacob fled from the wrath of Esau, Ge 11:31-32; 12:5; 24; 27:43; 28:10; 29:4. Haran was ravaged by the Assyrians in the time of Hezekiah, 2Ki 19:12; Isa 37:12. Here also Crassus the Roman general was defeated and killed by the Parthiuated on a branch of the Euphrates, in 36 degrees 52' north latitude, and 39 degrees 5' east longitude, in a flat and sandy plain, and is only peopled by a few wandering Arabs, who select it for the delicious water it furnishes.
(1.) Heb haran; i.e., "mountaineer." The eldest son of Terah, brother of Abraham and Nahor, and father of Lot, Milcah, and Iscah. He died before his father (Ge 11:27), in Ur of the Chaldees.
(2.) Heb haran, i.e., "parched;" or probably from the Accadian charana, meaning "a road." A celebrated city of Western Asia, now Harran, where Abram remained, after he left Ur of the Chaldees, till his father Terah died (Ge 11:31-32), when he continued his journey into the land of Canaan. It is called "Charran" in the LXX. and in Ac 7:2. It is called the "city of Nahor" (Ge 24:10), and Jacob resided here with Laban (Ge 30:43). It stood on the river Belik, an affluent of the Euphrates, about 70 miles above where it joins that river in Upper Mesopotamia or Padan-aram, and about 600 miles northwest of Ur in a direct line. It was on the caravan route between the east and west. It is afterwards mentioned among the towns taken by the king of Assyria (2Ki 19:12; Isa 37:12). It was known to the Greeks and Romans under the name Carrhae.
(3.) The son of Caleb of Judah (1Ch 2:46) by his concubine Ephah.
HARAN was Terah's firstborn son, oldest brother of Abram (who is named first in Ge 11:27, because heir of the promises), father of Lot, and Milcah who married her uncle Nahor, and Iscah or Sarai who married her uncle Abram, being "daughter (i.e. granddaughter) of his father not of his mother" (Ge 20:12). That Haran was oldest brother appears from his brothers marrying his daughters, Sarai being only ten years younger than Abram (Ge 17:17). Haran died in Ur, his native place, before his father. In the Hebrew the country Haran begins with 'ch', the man Haran with 'h', as also the Haran the Gershonite Levite under David of Shimei's family (1Ch 23:9). Hara begins with 'h'; Caleb's son by Ephah (1Ch 2:46) begins with 'ch'. Jewish tradition makes Haran to have been cast into Nimrod's furnace for wavering during Abram's fiery trial.
1. Son of Terah, and brother of Abraham, and father of Lot. Ge 11:26-31.
2. Son of Shimei a Gershonite. 1Ch 23:9.
3. Son of Caleb and Ephah. 1Ch 2:46. The Hebrew of this differs from Nos. 1 and 2.
Ancient city in Mesopotamia to which Terah and his family removed from Ur of the Chaldees, and where Abraham tarried, when on his way to the land of Canaan, until his father's death. Here also the descendants of Nahor, Abraham's brother, established themselves; hence the city was called the 'city of Nahor.' Ge 24:10. The name occurs in Ge 11:31-32; 28:10; 29:4; Isa 37:12; Eze 27:23, etc. It appears in its Greek form as CHARRAN in Ac 7:2,4. Its district is situated between the river Khabour and the Euphrates. There is still a town in the district called Harran, about 36 50' N, 39 E. The name signifies 'road' in Accadian. It was probably so called because the caravan routes of Syria, Assyria, and Babylonia crossed there. It was the seat of a bishopric in the fourth century, and there are still ruins of a cathedral.
1. The third son of Terah, and therefore youngest brother of Abram.
(B.C. 1926.) Three children are ascribed to him --Lot, vs.
and two daughters, viz., Milcah, who married her uncle Nahor, ver.
and Iscah. ver.
Haran was born in Ur of the Chaldees, and he died there while his father was still living. ver.
2. A Gershonite Levite in the time of David, one of the family of Shimei.
3. A son of the great Caleb by his concubine Ephah.
4. HARAN or CHARRAN,
name of the place whither Abraham migrated with his family from Ur of the Chaldees, and where the descendants of his brother Nahor established themselves. Comp.
with Gene 27:43 It is said to be in Mesopotamia,
or more definitely in Padan-aram, ch.
the cultivated district at the foot of the hills, a name well applying to the beautiful stretch of country which lies below Mount Masius between the Khabour and the Euphrates. Here, about midway in this district, is a small village still called Harran. It was celebrated among the Romans, under the name of Charrae, as the scene of the defeat of Crassus.
2. HARAN, otherwise called Charran, in Mesopotamia, a city celebrated for having been the place to which Abraham removed first, after he left Ur, Ge 11:31-32, and where Terah was buried. Thither it was likewise that Jacob repaired to Laban, when he fled from Esau, Ge 27:43; 28:10. &c. Haran was situated in the north-western part of Mesopotamia on a river of the same name running into the Euphrates. Mr. Kinneir says, that Haran, which is still so called, or rather Harran, is now peopled by a few families of wandering Arabs, who have been led thither by a plentiful supply of good water from several small streams. It is situated in 36 52' north latitude, and 39 5' east longitude; in a flat and sandy plain. Some think that it was built by Terah, or by Haran, his eldest son.