A station of the Israelites, about five days' journey from mount Sinai,
fenced enclosures consisting of "a low wall of stones in which thick bundles of thorny acacia are inserted, the tangled branches and long needle-like spikes forming a perfectly impenetrable hedge around the encampment" of tents and cattle which they sheltered. Such like enclosures abound in the wilderness of Paran, which the Israelites entered after leaving Sinai (Nu 11:35; 12:16; 33:17-18). This third encampment of the Israelites has been identified with the modern 'Ain el-Hudhera, some 40 miles north-east of Sinai. Here Miriam (q.v.), being displeased that Moses had married a Cushite wife (Nu 12:1), induced Aaron to join with her in rebelling against Moses. God vindicated the authority of his "servant Moses," and Miriam was smitten with leprosy. Moses interceded for her, and she was healed (Nu 12:4-16). From this encampment the Israelites marched northward across the plateau of et-Tih, and at length reached KADESH.
The stage after Kibroth Hattaavah in Israel's wanderings (Nu 11:35; 12:16; 33:17; De 1:1). Now El Ain, famed for its spring, on Israel's probable route (which Ain el Hudherah is not) by the wady es Zulukah. But Clark identifies Hazeroth with Bir eth Themed, many miles further on the march northwards. Several valleys converge round El Ain, which with other springs make this region the oasis of the E. of the peninsula.
A camping-ground of Israel, the second station northward in the journey from Sinai (Nu 11:35; 12:16; 33:17 f., and probably De 1:1). It is usually identified with the beautiful wady of 'Ain el-Khadrah, about 30 mlies north-east of Jebel Musa.
J. F. M'Curdy.