Sometimes horns were wrought into vessels in which oil was stored (1Ki 1:39) or carried (1Sa 16:1). Probably with some dainty ornamentation, they were used to hold eye-paint (Job 42:14, Keren-happuch). Of rams' horns a kind of trumpet was made Jos 6:4); see Music, 4 (2) (e). 'Horns' in poetry symbolized strength (De 33:17 etc.). 'Horn' in Ps 18:2 = 2Sa 22:3 stands for offensive weapons, as 'shield' for defensive (Perowne). To 'exalt one's born,' or 'cause it to bad' (grow), is to strengthen and prosper him (1Sa 2:1; Eze 29:21 etc.). For one to 'lift his horn' is to be arrogant (Ps 75:4-5). To crush or weaken one is to 'break or cut off his born' (Jer 48:25; La 2:3). In prophetic symbolism borns stand for kings and military powers (Da 7:8; 8:21 etc.). The altar borns (Ex 27:2), to which fugitives seeking asylum clung (1Ki 1:50 etc.), were projections at the four corners, and apparently peculiarly sacred (Ex 30:10 etc.); but their significance and use are now unknown.
"You shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.
"Aaron shall make atonement on its horns once a year; he shall make atonement on it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement once a year throughout your generations. It is most holy to the LORD."
"As the firstborn of his ox, majesty is his, And his horns are the horns of the wild ox; With them he will push the peoples, All at once, to the ends of the earth. And those are the ten thousands of Ephraim, And those are the thousands of Manasseh."
"Also seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark; then on the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.
Then Hannah prayed and said, "My heart exults in the LORD; My horn is exalted in the LORD, My mouth speaks boldly against my enemies, Because I rejoice in Your salvation.
Now the LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have selected a king for Myself among his sons."
My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge; My savior, You save me from violence.
Zadok the priest then took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon Then they blew the trumpet, and all the people said, "Long live King Solomon!"
And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.
He named the first Jemimah, and the second Keziah, and the third Keren-happuch.
The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
"I said to the boastful, 'Do not boast,' And to the wicked, 'Do not lift up the horn; Do not lift up your horn on high, Do not speak with insolent pride.'"
"The horn of Moab has been cut off and his arm broken," declares the LORD.
In fierce anger He has cut off All the strength of Israel; He has drawn back His right hand From before the enemy And He has burned in Jacob like a flaming fire Consuming round about.
"On that day I will make a horn sprout for the house of Israel, and I will open your mouth in their midst. Then they will know that I am the LORD."
"While I was contemplating the horns, behold, another horn, a little one, came up among them, and three of the first horns were pulled out by the roots before it; and behold, this horn possessed eyes like the eyes of a man and a mouth uttering great boasts.