The second wife of Elkanah the father of Samuel. See HANNAH. Their story illustrates the evils of polygamy, 1Sa 1.
One of Elkanah's two wives; bore children when Hannah was childless (1Sa 1:2,6-7). (See HANNAH.) As Hannah's "adversary," Peninnah "provoked her with provocation for to make her fret." As Elkanah from year to year gave Hannah a double portion at the sacrificial meal, "so did Peninnah provoke her so that she wept and did not eat." Elkanah's love to Hannah drew out Peninnah's renewed provocations.