An 'unclean' bird (Le 11:15; De 14:14), numbers of which may always be seen gathered, together with the dogs, around the carrion thrown out into the valley of Hinnom (cf. Pr 30:17). Its glossy plumage is referred to in Song 5:11; it often dwells in the wilderness (Isa 34:11), and yet God cares for and watches over it (Job 38:41; Ps 147:8; Lu 12:24). The name '
every raven in its kind,
"Who prepares for the raven its nourishment When its young cry to God And wander about without food?
Who covers the heavens with clouds, Who provides rain for the earth, Who makes grass to grow on the mountains.
The eye that mocks a father And scorns a mother, The ravens of the valley will pick it out, And the young eagles will eat it.
"His head is like gold, pure gold; His locks are like clusters of dates And black as a raven.
But pelican and hedgehog will possess it, And owl and raven will dwell in it; And He will stretch over it the line of desolation And the plumb line of emptiness.
"Consider the ravens, for they neither sow nor reap; they have no storeroom nor barn, and yet God feeds them; how much more valuable you are than the birds!