An 'unclean' bird (Le 11:15; De 14:14), numbers of which may always be seen gathered, together with the dogs, around the carrion thrown out into the valley of Hinnom (cf. Pr 30:17). Its glossy plumage is referred to in Song 5:11; it often dwells in the wilderness (Isa 34:11), and yet God cares for and watches over it (Job 38:41; Ps 147:8; Lu 12:24). The name '
every kind of raven,
Who provides the raven's food when its young cry out to God and wander about for lack of food?
who covers the sky with clouds, prepares rain for the earth, and causes grass to grow on the hills.
As for the eye that ridicules a father and despises obedience to a mother, may ravens of the valley pluck it out and young vultures eat it.
His head is purest gold. His hair is wavy and black as a raven.
The desert owl and the hedgehog will possess it, and the great owl and the raven will dwell there. [The Lord] will stretch out a measuring line and a plumb line over her for [her] destruction and chaos.
Consider the ravens: they don't sow or reap; they don't have a storeroom or a barn; yet God feeds them. Aren't you worth much more than the birds?