A king of Damascene Syria, who united with Pekah king of Israel to invade Judah, B. C. 742, 2Ki 15; 15:37; 16:5-10; Isa 7:1. Turning away from before Jerusalem, Rezin extended his conquests to the south as far as Elath; but was erelong conquered and slain by Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, whose aid had been procured by king Ahaz. His people also were carried captive beyond the Tigris, Isa 8:6; 9:11.
firm; a prince, a king of Syria, who joined Pekah (q.v.) in an invasion of the kingdom of Judah (2Ki 15:37; 16:5-9; Isa 7:1-8). Ahaz induced Tiglath-pileser III. to attack Damascus, and this caused Rezin to withdraw for the purpose of defending his own kingdom. Damascus was taken, and Rezin was slain in battle by the Assyrian king, and his people carried into captivity, B.C. 732 (2Ki 16:9).
1. King of Damascus. The Israelite Pekah's ally, always mentioned first in the war against Ahaz of Judah (Isa 7:4-8,8; 17:1; 2Ki 15:37; 16:5-9). (See PEKAH.) He previously attacked Jotham. Rezin wrested from Judah Elath on the gulf of Akabah of the Red Sea. But Ahaz invited Tiglath Pileser to his help, who took Damascus and slew Rezin, fulfilling Isaiah's prophecy. His aim had been to put a creature of his own on the throne of Judah, "the son of Tabeal." Tiglath Pileser having reduced Syria to be tributary before treated Rezin as a rebel, and carried away the Syrians captive to (See KIR . In the monuments records his defeat of Rezin and Damascus.
From the ancient versions and the cuneiform inscriptions it is clear that the form should be Razon or Razin.
1. The last king of Damascus. Towards the close of the 8th cent. b.c. Damascus and Israel were under the suzerainty of Assyria. Tiglath-pileser iii. enumerates the articles paid him in tribute by Ra-sun-nu of Damascus and Menahem of Israel (b.c. 738). Pekah, one of Menahem's successors, joined Rezin in the attempt to throw off the yoke. Failing to secure the co-operation of Ahaz, they turned their arms against Judah (b.c. 734). 2Ki 16:6 mentions, among the incidents of the campaign, that Rezin 'recovered Elath to Syria, and drave the Jews from Elath.' [This statement originated in a scribal error, the r in ram Aramaic ('Syria') having been accidentally substituted for the d of Edom, and Rezin's name being added still later for the sake of completeness (cf. 2Ch 28:17).] The two allies besieged Jerusalem, greatly to the alarm of the populace, and Isaiah strove in vain to allay the terror (Isa 7; 8; 9). Ahaz implored aid from Tiglath-pileser, to whom he became tributary (2Ki 16:8). On the approach of the Assyrians, Pekah was murdered by his own subjects. Damascus sustained a siege of more than a year's duration, but was eventually taken (b.c. 732), and Rezin was slain (2Ki 16:9). Rawlinson found an inscription on which this was recorded, but the stone has unfortunately disappeared. It is not quite certain who 'the son of Tabeel' (Isa 7:6) is. Winckler (Alttest. Untersuch., p. 74f.) fails to carry conviction in his attempt to identify this man with Rezln. More probably he was the tool whom the confederates proposed to seat on the throne of Judah.
2. The 'children of Rezin' are mentioned as a family of Nethinim (Ezr 2:48; Ne 7:50). Like the Nethinim generally, they were very likely of foreign descent. In 1Es 5:31 they are called 'sons of Daisan,'
1. King of Syria, who, in alliance with Pekah king of Israel, made an attack upon Ahaz, king of Judah. Isaiah was sent to comfort Ahaz, but he asked the aid of Assyria, sending him silver and gold. Rezin was slain, Damascus made desolate, and the people carried into captivity. 2Ki 15:37; 16:5-9; Isa 7:1-8; 8:6; 9:11.
1. King of Damascus. He attacked Jotham during the latter part of his reign,
but his chief war was with Ahaz, whose territories he invaded, in conjunction with Pekah about B.C. 741. Though unsuccessful is his siege of Jerusalem,
he "recovered Elath to Syria."
Soon after this he was attacked defeated and slain by Tiglath-pileser II, king of Assyria.
2. One of the families of the Nethinim.
(B.C. before 536.)