The founder of a dynasty in Syria-Damascus in the time of David, and a great annoyance to Solomon, 1Ki 11:23-25. He had been an officer under Hadadezer king of Zobah.
prince, son of Eliadah. Abandoning the service of Hadadezer, the king of Zobah, on the occasion of his being defeated by David, he became the "captain over a band" of marauders, and took Damascus, and became king of Syria (1Ki 11:23-25; 2Sa 8:3-8). For centuries after this the Syrians were the foes of Israel. He "became an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon."
(See HADAREZER.) 1Ki 11:23-24. Gathered the Syrian remnant, after David's slaughter of his master Hadadezer (2Sa 8:3-8), and set up a petty kingdom at Damascus, and thence harassed Solomon's kingdom. See also Josephus, Ant. 8:7, section 6.
According to the Heb. text of 1Ki 11:23-25, Rezon, son of Eliada, was one of the military officers of that Hadadezer, king of the little realm of Zobah (cuneiform, Subiti), S. of Damascus and not far from the Sea of Tiberias, whom David overthrew (2Sa 8:3 ff.). For some unknown reason he deserted Hadadezer, gathered a band of freebooters, seized Damascus, and founded there the dynasty which created the most powerful of the Syrian kingdoms. He was a thorn in Solomon's side, and his successors were bitter adversaries of Israel. Unfortunately, the text presents a suspicious appearance. 1Ki 11:23-25 a have evidently been interpolated between 1Ki 11:22 and 1Ki 11:25 b, and in the best MSS of the Septuagint the story, with some variations, follows 1Ki 11:14. In either position it interrupts the course of the narrative, and the best solution of the difficulty is to regard it as a gloss, embodying a historical reminiscence. There is not sufficient evidence for the view maintained by Thenius and Klostermann, that the name should be spelled Hezron and identified with Hezion (1Ki 15:18).
Son of Eliadad and a subject of Hadadezer king of Zobah: he fled to Damascus, and established himself as king. God stirred him up against Solomon. 1 Kings 11:23-25.
(prince), son of Eliadah, a Syrian, who when David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah, put himself at the head of a band of freebooters and set up a petty kingdom at Damascus.
He harassed the kingdom of Solomon during his whole reign. (B.C. 1043-975.)