5 occurrences in 5 dictionaries

Reference: Tamar


A palm-tree,

1. A Canaanitish woman, mother of Pharez and Zarah, Ge 38.

2. A daughter of David. See TALMAI.

3. A daughter of Absalom, 2Sa 14:27.

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palm. (1.) A place mentioned by Ezekiel (Eze 47:19; 48:28), on the southeastern border of Palestine. Some suppose this was "Tadmor" (q.v.).

(2.) The daughter-in-law of Judah, to whose eldest son, Er, she was married (Ge 38:6). After her husband's death, she was married to Onan, his brother (Ge 38:8), and on his death, Judah promised to her that his third son, Shelah, would become her husband. This promise was not fulfilled, and hence Tamar's revenge and Judah's great guilt (Ge 38:12-30).

(3.) A daughter of David (2Sa 13:1-32; 1Ch 3:9), whom Amnon shamefully outraged and afterwards "hated exceedingly," thereby illustrating the law of human nature noticed even by the heathen, "Proprium humani ingenii est odisse quem laeseris", i.e., "It is the property of human nature to hate one whom you have injured."

(4.) A daughter of Absalom (2Sa 14:27).

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1. A Canaanite woman, married to Er and then to his brother Onan (see Marriage, 4). Tamar became by her father-in-law himself the mother of twin sons, Perez and Zerah (Ge 38; Ru 4:12; 1Ch 2:4; Mt 1:3). 2. The beautiful sister of Absalom, who was violated and brutally insulted by her half-brother, Amnon (2Sa 13:1 ff.). 3. A daughter of Absalom (2Sa 14:27). 4. See next article.


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1. Wife of Er and Onan, and by Judah, mother of Pharez and Zarah. Ge 38:6-30; Ru 4:12; 1Ch 2:4. Called THAMAR in Mt 1:3.

2. Daughter of David and Maachah, violated by Amnon, and avenged by Absalom in the death of Amnon. 2Sa 13:1-32; 1Ch 3:9.

3. Daughter of Absalom. 2Sa 14:27.

4. City on the south-east of Judah. Eze 47:19; 48:28. Not identified. See TADMOR.

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(palm tree).

1. The wife successively of the two sons of Judah, Er and Onan.

Ge 38:8-30

(B.C. about 1718.) Her importance in the sacred narrative depends on the great anxiety to keep up the lineage of Judah. It seemed as if the family were on the point of extinction. Er and Onan had successively perished suddenly. Judah's wife, Bathshuah, died; and there only remained a child, Shelah, whom Judah was unwilling to trust to the dangerous union as it appeared, with Tamar, lest he should meet with the same fate as his brothers. Accordingly she resorted to the desperate expedient of entrapping the father himself into the union which he feared for his son. The fruits of this intercourse were twins, Pharez and Zarah, and through Pharez the sacred line was continued.

2. Daughter of David and Maachah the Geshurite princess, and thus sister of Absalom.

2Sa 13:1-32; 1Ch 3:9

(B.C. 1033.) She and her brother were alike remarkable for their extraordinary beauty. This fatal beauty inspired a frantic passion in her half-brother Amnon, the oldest son of David by Ahinoam. In her touching remonstrance two points are remarkable: first, the expression of the infamy of such a crime "in Israel" implying the loftier standard of morals that prevailed, as compared with other countries at that time; and second, the belief that even this standard might be overborne lawfully by royal authority --"Speak to the king, for he will not withhold me from thee." The intense hatred of Amnon succeeding to his brutal passion, and the indignation of Tamar at his barbarous insult, even surpassing her indignation at his shameful outrage, are pathetically and graphically told.

3. Daughter of Absalom,

2Sa 14:7

became, by her marriage with Uriah of Gibeah, the mother of Maachah, the future queen of Judah or wife of Abijah.

1Ki 15:2

(B.C. 1023.)

4. A spot on the southeastern frontier of Judah, named in

Eze 47:19,23

only, evidently called from a palm tree. If not Hazazon-tamar, the old name of Engedi, it may he a place called Thamar in the Onamasticon [HAZAZON-TAMAR), a day's journey south of Hebron.

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