Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

from a derivative of 4192

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: TDNT 6:546

KJV Translation Count — 76x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: evil (51), wicked (10), wicked one (6), evil things (2), misc (7)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. full of labours, annoyances, hardships
a. pressed and harassed by labours
b. bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble
2. bad, of a bad nature or condition
a. in a physical sense: diseased or blind
b. in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad
For Synonyms see entry 5908
The word is used in the nominative case in Matthew 6:13. This usually denotes a title in the Greek. Hence Christ is saying, deliver us from "The Evil", and is probably referring to Satan.

Strong's Definitions

pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of (4192) (πόνος); hurtful, i.e. evil (properly in effect or influence, and thus differing from (2556) (κακός), which refers rather to essential character, as well as from (4550) (σαπρός), which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figurative calamitous; also (passive) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners: — bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked (ness). See also (4191) (πονηρότερος).

Concordance Results Using KJV

Blessed are ye, when men shall rG4190e you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of G4190 against you falsely, for my sake.


But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of G4190.


But I say unto you, That ye resist not G4190: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.


That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the G4190 and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.


And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from G4190: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.


But if thine eye be G4190, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness!


If ye then, being G4190, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good G4190 to them that ask him?


Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth G4190 fruit.


A good tree cannot bring forth G4190 fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.


And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye G4190 in your hearts?


International Standard Version Copyright © 1996-2008 by the ISV Foundation.