Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 638

KJV Translation Count — 238x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: sin (188), purify (11), cleanse (8), sinner (8), committed (6), offended (4), blame (2), done (2), fault (1), harm (1), loss (1), miss (1), offender (1), purge (1), reconciliation (1), sinful (1), trespass (1)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. to sin, miss, miss the way, go wrong, incur guilt, forfeit, purify from uncleanness
a. (Qal)
1. to miss
2. to sin, miss the goal or path of right and duty
3. to incur guilt, incur penalty by sin, forfeit
b. (Piel)
1. to bear loss
2. to make a sin-offering
3. to purify from sin
4. to purify from uncleanness
c. (Hiphil)
1. to miss the mark
2. to induce to sin, cause to sin
3. to bring into guilt or condemnation or punishment
d. (Hithpael)
1. to miss oneself, lose oneself, wander from the way
2. to purify oneself from uncleanness

Strong's Definitions

chata', khaw-taw'; a primitive root; properly, to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn: — bear the blame, cleanse, commit (sin), by fault, harm he hath done, loss, miss, (make) offend(-er), offer for sin, purge, purify (self), make reconciliation, (cause, make) sin(-ful, -ness), trespass.

Concordance Results Using KJV

And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from H2398ning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her.


Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou H2398 unto us? and what have I H2398 thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great H2398? thou hast H2398 deeds unto me that ought not to be H2398.


That which was torn of beasts I brought not unto thee; I bare the H2398 of it; of my hand didst thou require it, whether stolen by day, or stolen by night.


There is none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou art his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and H2398 against God?


And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had H2398 their lord the king of Egypt.


And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not H2398 against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.


I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the H2398 for ever:


For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the H2398 to my father for ever.


There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the H2398 is in thine own people.


And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have H2398ned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.