Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root [possibly rather ident. with 6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating]

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: number 1651, number 1652

KJV Translation Count — 84x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: afflict (50), humble (11), force (5), exercised (2), sing (2), Leannoth (1), troubled (1), weakened (1), misc (11)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. (Qal) to be occupied, be busied with
2. to afflict, oppress, humble, be afflicted, be bowed down
a. (Qal)
1. to be put down, become low
2. to be depressed, be downcast
3. to be afflicted
4. to stoop
b. (Niphal)
1. to humble oneself, bow down
2. to be afflicted, be humbled
c. (Piel)
1. to humble, mishandle, afflict
2. to humble, be humiliated
3. to afflict
4. to humble, weaken oneself
d. (Pual)
1. to be afflicted
2. to be humbled
e. (Hiphil) to afflict
f. (Hithpael)
1. to humble oneself
2. to be afflicted

Strong's Definitions

`anah, aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather ident. with 6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows): — abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for 6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for 6030), speak (by mistake for 6030), submit self, weaken, X in any wise.

Concordance Results Using KJV

And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall H6031 them four hundred years;


But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.


And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.


If thou shalt H6031 my daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside my daughters, no man is with us; see, God is witness betwixt me and thee.


And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.


Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to H6031 them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.


But the more they H6031ed them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.


And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to H6031 thyself before me? let my people go, that they may serve me.


Ye shall not H6031 any widow, or fatherless child.


If thou H6031 them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;