Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2323, 2323c

KJV Translation Count — 71x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: cease (47), rest (11), away (3), fail (2), celebrate (1), misc (7)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. to cease, desist, rest
a. (Qal)
1. to cease
2. to rest, desist (from labour)
b. (Niphal) to cease
c. (Hiphil)
1. to cause to cease, put an end to
2. to exterminate, destroy
3. to cause to desist from
4. to remove
5. to cause to fail
2. (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath

Strong's Definitions

shabath, shaw-bath'; a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific): — (cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

Concordance Results Using KJV

And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he H7673ed on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.


And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had H7673ed from all his work which God created and made.


While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not H7673.


And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and ye make them H7673 from their burdens.


Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put H7673 leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.


So the people H7673ed on the seventh day.


Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt H7673: that thine ox and thine ass may H7673, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.


It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he H7673ed, and was refreshed.


Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt H7673: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt H7673.


And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.