Parts of Speech


Root Word (Etymology)

a primitive root

Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2443

KJV Translation Count — 203x

The KJV translates Strongs H1 in the following manner: judge (v) (119), judge (n) (60), plead (11), avenged (2), condemn (2), execute (2), judgment (2), defend (1), deliver (1), misc (3)

Outline of Biblical Usage

1. to judge, govern, vindicate, punish
a. (Qal)
1. to act as law-giver or judge or governor (of God, man)
a. to rule, govern, judge
2. to decide controversy (of God, man)
3. to execute judgment
a. discriminating (of man)
b. vindicating
c. condemning and punishing
d. at theophanic advent for final judgment
b. (Niphal)
1. to enter into controversy, plead, have controversy together
2. to be judged
c. (Poel) judge, opponent-at-law (participle)

Strong's Definitions

shaphat, shaw-fat'; a primitive root; to judge, i.e. pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication, to vindicate or punish; by extenssion, to govern; passively, to litigate (literally or figuratively): — + avenge, X that condemn, contend, defend, execute (judgment), (be a) judge(-ment), X needs, plead, reason, rule.

Concordance Results Using KJV

And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD H8199 between me and thee.


That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the H8199 of all the earth do right?


And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a H8199: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.


The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, H8199 betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac.


And he said, Who made thee a prince and a H8199 over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.


And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and H8199; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.


And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to H8199 the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.


When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I H8199 between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.


And let them H8199 the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall H8199: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee.


And they H8199d the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they H8199d themselves.