Greeting

1 (A)Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ,To those who reside as (B)aliens, (C)scattered throughout (D)Pontus, (E)Galatia, (F)Cappadocia, (G)Asia, and (H)Bithynia, (I)who are chosen

1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

1 Peter,(A) an apostle of Jesus Christ:To the temporary residents(B) dispersed(a)(C) in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,(D) chosen(E)

1 From: Peter, an apostle of Jesus, the Messiah.

1 Peter, an apostle (special messenger, personally chosen representative) of Jesus Christ,To those [elect—both Jewish and Gentile believers] who live as exiles, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia [Minor], and Bithynia, who are chosen(A)

2 according to the (J)foreknowledge of God the Father, (K)by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, (a)to (L)obey Jesus Christ and be (M)sprinkled with His blood: (N)May grace and peace (b)be yours in the fullest measure.

2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

2 according to the foreknowledge(F) of God the Father and set apart by the Spirit(G) for obedience(H) and for sprinkling with the blood(I) of Jesus Christ.May grace and peace be multiplied to you.

2 To: The exiles of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, the people chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father through the sanctifying action of the Spirit to be obedient to Jesus, the Messiah, and to be sprinkled with his blood. May grace and peace be yours in abundance!

2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father by the sanctifying work of the Spirit to be obedient to Jesus Christ and to be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace [that special sense of spiritual well-being] be yours in increasing abundance [as you walk closely with God].(B)

A New Birth To A Living Hope

3 (O)Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who (P)according to His great mercy (Q)has caused us to be born again to (R)a living hope through the (S)resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

3 Praise the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.(J) According to His great mercy,(K) He has given us a new birth(L) into a living hope(M) through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead(N)

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus, the Messiah! Because of his great mercy he has granted us a new birth, resulting in an immortal hope through the resurrection of Jesus, the Messiah, from the dead

3 Blessed [gratefully praised and adored] be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant and boundless mercy has caused us to be born again [that is, to be reborn from above—spiritually transformed, renewed, and set apart for His purpose] to an ever-living hope and confident assurance through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,(C)

4 to obtain an (T)inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and (U)will not fade away, (V)reserved in heaven for you,

4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,

4 and into an inheritance that is imperishable,(O) uncorrupted, and unfading, kept in heaven(P) for you.

4 and to an inheritance kept in heaven for you that can't be destroyed, corrupted, or changed.

4 [born anew] into an inheritance which is imperishable [beyond the reach of change] and undefiled and unfading, reserved in heaven for you,

5 who are (W)protected by the power of God (X)through faith for (Y)a salvation ready (Z)to be revealed in the last time.

5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

5 You are being protected by God’s power(Q) through faith for a salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time.(R)

5 Through faith you are being protected by God's power for a salvation that is ready to be revealed at the end of this era.

5 who are being protected and shielded by the power of God through your faith for salvation that is ready to be revealed [for you] in the last time.

6 (AA)In this you greatly rejoice, even though now (AB)for a little while, (AC)if necessary, you have been distressed by (AD)various (c)trials,

6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

6 You rejoice in this,(b) though now for a short time you have had to struggle in various trials(S)

6 You greatly rejoice in this, even though you have to suffer various kinds of trials for a little while,

6 In this you rejoice greatly, even though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been distressed by various trials,

7 so that the (d)(AE)proof of your faith, being more precious than gold which (e)is perishable, (AF)even though tested by fire, (AG)may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at (AH)the revelation of Jesus Christ;

7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

7 so that the genuineness of your faith(T)—more valuable than gold, which perishes though refined by fire(U)—may result(V) in(c) praise, glory, and honor(W) at the revelation of Jesus Christ.(X)

7 so that your genuine faith, which is more valuable than gold that perishes when tested by fire, may result in praise, glory, and honor when Jesus, the Messiah, is revealed.

7 so that the genuineness of your faith, which is much more precious than gold which is perishable, even though tested and purified by fire, may be found to result in [your] praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.

8 and (AI)though you have not seen Him, you (AJ)love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible and (f)full of glory,

8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:

8 You love Him,(Y) though you have not seen(Z) Him. And though not seeing Him now, you believe in Him and rejoice(AA) with inexpressible and glorious joy,

8 Though you have not seen him, you love him. And even though you do not see him now, you believe in him and rejoice with an indescribable and glorious joy,

8 Though you have not seen Him, you love Him; and though you do not even see Him now, you believe and trust in Him and you greatly rejoice and delight with inexpressible and glorious joy,

9 obtaining as (AK)the outcome of your faith the salvation of (g)your souls.

9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.

9 because you are receiving the goal of your(d) faith, the salvation of your souls.(e)

9 because you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls.

9 receiving as the result [the outcome, the consummation] of your faith, the salvation of (a)your souls.

10 (AL)As to this salvation, the prophets who (AM)prophesied of the (AN)grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries,

10 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:

10 Concerning this salvation, the prophets(AB) who prophesied about the grace that would come to you searched and carefully investigated.

10 Even the prophets, who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours, carefully researched and investigated this salvation.

10 Regarding this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace [of God] that was intended for you, searched carefully and inquired [about this future way of salvation],

11 (h)seeking to know what person or time (AO)the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He (AP)predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories (i)to follow.

11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

11 They inquired into what time or what circumstances(f) the Spirit of Christ(AC) within them was indicating when He testified in advance(AD) to the messianic sufferings(g)(AE) and the glories(AF) that would follow.(h)

11 They tried to find out what era or specific time the Spirit of the Messiah in them kept referring to when he predicted the sufferings of the Messiah and the glories that would follow.

11 seeking to find out what person or what time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He foretold the sufferings of Christ and the glories [destined] to follow.

12 It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves, but you, in these things which now have been announced to you through those who (AQ)preached the gospel to you by (AR)the Holy Spirit sent from heaven—things into which (AS)angels long to (j)look.

12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

12 It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you. These things have now been announced to you through those who preached the gospel to you(AG) by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven.(AH) Angels desire to look into these things.

12 It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you in regard to the things that have now been announced to you by those who brought you the good news through the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. These are things that even the angels desire to look into.

12 It was revealed to them that their services [their prophecies regarding grace] were not [meant] for themselves and their time, but for you, in these things [the death, resurrection, and glorification of Jesus Christ] which have now been told to you by those who preached the gospel to you by the [power of the] Holy Spirit [who was] sent from heaven. Into these things even the angels long to look.

Be Holy In All Your Conduct

13 Therefore, (k)(AT)prepare your minds for action, (l)(AU)keep sober in spirit, fix your (AV)hope completely on the (AW)grace (m)to be brought to you at (AX)the revelation of Jesus Christ.

13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;

13 Therefore, with your minds ready for action,(i)(AI) be serious(AJ) and set your hope(AK) completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation(AL) of Jesus Christ.

13 Therefore, prepare your minds for action, keep a clear head, and set your hope completely on the grace to be given you when Jesus, the Messiah, is revealed.

13 So prepare your minds for action, be completely sober [in spirit—steadfast, self-disciplined, spiritually and morally alert], fix your hope completely on the grace [of God] that is coming to you when Jesus Christ is revealed.

14 As (n)(AY)obedient children, do not (o)(AZ)be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your (BA)ignorance,

14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:

14 As obedient children,(AM) do not be conformed to the desires of your former ignorance.

14 As obedient children, do not be shaped by the desires that used to influence you when you were ignorant.

14 [Live] as obedient children [of God]; do not be conformed to the evil desires which governed you in your ignorance [before you knew the requirements and transforming power of the good news regarding salvation].

15 but (p)(BB)like the Holy One who called you, (q)(BC)be holy yourselves also (BD)in all your behavior;

15 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;

15 But as the One who called you(AN) is holy,(AO) you also are to be holy in all your conduct;

15 Instead, be holy in every aspect of your life, just as the one who called you is holy.

15 But like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves in all your conduct [be set apart from the world by your godly character and moral courage];

16 because it is written, “(BE)You shall be holy, for I am holy.”

16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

16 for it is written, Be holy, because I am holy.(AP)(j)

16 For it is written, "You must be holy, because I am holy."

16 because it is written, “You shall be holy (set apart), for I am holy.”(D)

17 If you (BF)address as Father the One who (BG)impartially (BH)judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves (BI)in fear during the time of your (BJ)stay on earth;

17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:

17 And if you address as Father the One who judges impartially(AQ) based on each one’s work,(AR) you are to conduct yourselves in fear(AS) during the time of your temporary residence.

17 If you call "Father" the one who judges everyone impartially according to what they have done, you must live in reverent fear as long as you are strangers in a strange land.

17 If you address as Father, the One who impartially judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves in [reverent] fear [of Him] and with profound respect for Him throughout the time of your stay on earth.

18 knowing that you were not (r)(BK)redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your (BL)futile way of life inherited from your forefathers,

18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;

18 For you know that you were redeemed from your empty way of life(AT) inherited from the fathers, not with perishable things like silver or gold,(AU)

18 For you know that it was not with perishable things like silver or gold that you have been ransomed from the worthless way of life handed down to you by your ancestors,

18 For you know that you were not redeemed from your useless [spiritually unproductive] way of life inherited [by tradition] from your forefathers with perishable things like silver and gold,

19 but with precious (BM)blood, as of a (BN)lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.

19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

19 but with the precious blood of Christ,(AV) like that of a lamb(AW) without defect or blemish.

19 but with the precious blood of the Messiah, like that of a lamb without blemish or defect.

19 but [you were actually purchased] with precious blood, like that of a [sacrificial] lamb unblemished and spotless, the priceless blood of Christ.(E)

20 For He was (BO)foreknown before (BP)the foundation of the world, but has (BQ)appeared (s)in these last times (BR)for the sake of you

20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

20 He was chosen(k)(AX) before the foundation of the world but was revealed at the end of the times(AY) for you

20 On the one hand, he was foreknown before the creation of the world, but on the other hand, he was revealed at the end of time for your sake.

20 For He was (b)foreordained (foreknown) before the foundation of the world, but has appeared [publicly] in these last times for your sake

21 who through Him are (BS)believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and (BT)gave Him glory, so that your faith and (BU)hope are in God.

21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

21 who through Him are believers in God,(AZ) who raised Him from the dead(BA) and gave Him glory,(BB) so that your faith and hope are in God.

21 Through him you believe in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope might be in God.

21 and through Him you believe [confidently] in God [the heavenly Father], who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are [centered and rest] in God.

Love Each Other

22 Since you have (BV)in obedience to the truth (BW)purified your souls for a (t)(BX)sincere love of the brethren, fervently love one another from (u)the heart,

22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:

22 By obedience to the truth,(l) having purified yourselves(m) for sincere love of the brothers, love one another(BC) earnestly(n) from a pure(o) heart,(BD)

22 Now that you have obeyed the truth and have purified your souls to love your brothers sincerely, you must love one another intensely and with a pure heart.

22 Since by your obedience to the truth you have purified yourselves for a sincere love of the believers, [see that you] love one another from the heart [always unselfishly seeking the best for one another],

23 for you have been (BY)born again (BZ)not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring (CA)word of God.

23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.

23 since you have been born again(BE)—not of perishable seed(BF) but of imperishable—through the living and enduring word of God.(BG)

23 For you have been born again, not by a seed that perishes but by one that cannot perish by the living and everlasting word of God.

23 for you have been born again [that is, reborn from above—spiritually transformed, renewed, and set apart for His purpose] not of seed which is perishable but [from that which is] imperishable and immortal, that is, through the living and everlasting word of God.

24 For,(CB)All flesh is like grass,And all its glory like the flower of grass.The grass withers,And the flower falls off,

24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:

24 ForAll flesh is like grass,and all its glory(BH) like a flower of the grass.The grass withers, and the flower falls,

24 For "All human life is like grass, and all its glory is like a flower in the grass. The grass dries up and the flower drops off,

24 For,All flesh is like grass,And all its glory like the flower of grass.The grass withersAnd the flower falls off,

25 (CC)But the word of the Lord endures forever.”And this is (CD)the word which was (v)preached to you.

25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.

25 but the word of the Lord endures forever.(BI)(p)And this is the word that was preached as the gospel to you.

25 but the word of the Lord lasts forever." Now this word is the good news that was announced to you.

25 But the word of the Lord endures forever.”And this is the word [the good news of salvation] which was preached to you.(F)

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