beware lest any one seduce you by the vain illusions of philosophy, founded upon human traditions, and meer shadows, and not upon Christ:
O Timothy, keep what is deposited in your care, avoiding the prophane empty declamations and objections of a spurious science, which some have profess'd,
even so we, whilst we were children, were in a state of servitude to the elements of the world. but when the time appointed was accomplished,
let no man mislead you by vain reasonings: for it is for these vices, that the wrath of God lights upon the incredulous.
Beware of false prophets, who to outward appearance are sheep, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves.
be upon your guard with such men, for they will deliver you up to their tribunals, and scourge you in their synagogues.
why do your disciples violate the tradition of our ancestors, in not washing their hands when they eat bread?
and Jesus said to them, have a care of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the Sadducees.
for the Pharisees, and the Jews in general, in pursuance of their antient traditions, never eat till they have wash'd their hands up to their elbows.
there certain Epicurean and Stoick philosophers encountred him: "what does this mountebank mean?" said some: "he seems to proclaim some strange deitys," said others: because he talk'd to them of Jesus and the resurrection.
When they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some made it a matter of ridicule: others said, we will hear you again upon this subject;
because when they knew God, they did not with gratitude glorify him as God, but their reasoning became extravagance, and their minds, void of judgment, were involv'd in darkness.
Now I beseech you, brethren, mark those who cause divisions and revolts against the doctrine which you have learned; and avoid them.
for it is written, "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent."
let no man deceive himself: if any among you pretends to worldly wisdom, let him commence fool, in order to be truly wise.
But some will say, how will the dead be raised? with what kind of body will they appear?
to level all the barriers they contrive for obstructing the divine doctrine, and to make their pride captive to the authority of Christ.
and that I made a greater proficiency in Judaism than many my contemporaries of my own nation, being an extraordinary zealot for the traditions of my forefathers.
or rather that you are favoured by him, how can ye turn again to the weak and beggarly elements of the law, to which you desire again to be in bondage?
in which you formerly liv'd, influenc'd by the customs of this world, and by the prince of the aerial powers, the spirits that now actuate the incredulous:
be upon your guard against snarlers, against the contrivances of the crafty, against the spurious breed;
Let no man condemn you, from an affectation of humility, in worshipping of Angels, boldly prying into matters which he knows nothing of, being vainly puft up with his Jewish conceits:
which yet were all made to be consumed for our use, notwithstanding the injunctions and doctrines of men:
and their doctrine will spread like the gangrene. Hymeneus and Philetus are such:
as for these impious impostors, they will go on from bad to worse, seducing others, and deluding themselves.
for the mind is better improv'd by the gospel-dispensation, than by the distinctions about meats, in which some have been so uselesly vers'd.
considering, that it was not by such perishable things as silver or gold, that you were releas'd from those vain rites and customs impos'd upon you by your fathers,
Do you then, my dear brethren, being thus forewarn'd, take care not to be seduc'd by those prophane impostors, and so lose the reward of your constancy.